A Case For Decentralizing American Mainstream
Wor. Bro. Frederic L. Milliken
Freemasonry in the United States is at a crossroads and now is
the time to do some soul searching and make some tough decisions. The
question that needs to be asked is, are Freemasons going to continue to allow
the erosion of the power of the local Lodge? Are they going to halt the
spread of invasive, centralized Grand Lodge rule over every aspect of
The plain fact is, ALL FREEMASONRY IS LOCAL. That was not a
contested notion in the 17th, 18th and 19th
centuries. The power of decision making rested in the local Lodge and Grand
Lodge was more of a facilitator and advisor. It was once the job of Grand
Lodge to organize its territory and attend to the ceremonial functions of
grandeur and pomp leaving the “running of the business” to each individual
chartered Lodge. Oh, there were broad guidelines including in some
jurisdictions Landmarks to go by. But in reality the Grand Master used to
function much as the present day King or Queen of England does.
That has all gone by the board. We have a new era of Grand
Lodge dominance with strict top down rule. Right about now the reader will
butt in with the thought that Freemasonry is not a democracy. Well, yes and
no. The Worshipful Master of the local Lodge has and has always had unlimited
power to rule and govern his Lodge. He can rule it as a democracy or he can
rule it by Master’s edict. He has by-laws, rules and regulations of Grand
Lodge and the Landmarks to abide by. In generations past Grand Lodge
requirements were of a general nature leaving broad room for local
interpretation and application. Not so today. Grand Lodge rule is very
specific and detail orientated. While the Lodge Master has always been
granted absolute power within the guidelines enumerated, the Grand Master has
never traditionally been granted such power.
It is only since the 20th century that Grand Lodges
and Grand Masters have usurped power and decision making from local Lodges.
There are two plausible reasons that we might surmise for the Grand Lodge
The failure of local Lodges to address the problem of declining
The over commitment to buildings, charities and other Grand
Lodge promises that could no longer be affordably sustained in the light of a
drastic decrease in money coming in.
Where there is a vacuum, someone, something will rush in to
fill it. But we need to ask ourselves as Masons is this the best course of
action? Is this the best way of governing ourselves or
are we actually stifling creativity and strangling development?
Glenn Beck offers some observations in his new book “Broke”
that are applicable. While they are made in the atmosphere of the civil,
political world, they can offer Freemasonry some insight.
“The world of innovation and the world that is our federal
government are on two separate bullet trains headed in opposite directions.
Technology is getting smaller, faster, and is doing more with less; the
federal government is getting bigger, slower, and doing less with more. The
new trend in business is decentralization; the trend in government is exactly
“Over the last century the government has taken control of
virtually everything it could get its hands on, from education to energy, from
finance to health care. It’s hard to understate the enormity of what has
happened, but consider this: The number of federal regulators has more than
tripled over the last fifty years to keep up with the government’s growth.”
“And yet, for all the talk about innovation and technology,
most of government’s policy prescriptions remain surprisingly clunky and
outmoded. When they want to ‘fix’ the auto industry, they appoint a czar.
When they want to tackle environmental issues, they appoint a czar. Health
care? Green jobs? Bank bailouts? Czar, czar, czar.”
“It’s ironic, but to cut through the bureaucracy and get things
done, politicians like to create another level of bureaucracy.”
“That, of course, is the opposite of how successful companies
operate. The tendency in business is toward shifting away from centralized
technology and a top down management style and replacing it with a looser,
flattened, decentralized management. Out with the old mainframe computer, in
with the iPad; out with middle managers in corporate headquarters, in with
franchise owners or branch managers who have real authority.”
“The reason this trend is happening is simple: It works. Just
look around at the companies that are doing well. I can guarantee you that
very few of them have a centralized bureaucracy with workers paid to punch the
clock instead of innovate, create and make informed decisions.”
“Technology is decentralizing power and giving individuals more
choices and freedom at lower costs and higher quality. The internet itself is
about as decentralized a system as could ever be created (although some are
even trying to centralize control of that). You can pick the applications you
want on your cell phone, do your banking online, buy virtually any product on
the planet, and get news from a whole host of sources, some as small as an
individual, some as large as a Fortune 500 corporation. And that’s exactly
the point: Decentralization helps create more freedom.”
“We are in the midst of a revolution in decision making and
control and the reason is simple: Decentralization improves performance,
generates new innovations, and empowers individuals by encouraging them to
take on greater responsibility in return for greater potential rewards.”
So which model should American Mainstream Freemasonry emulate?
There is today a large Masonic presence on the Internet. Is there a need for
a Masonic Internet Czar with centralized control to rule and govern Internet
Where we are today is one step below a feudal Masonic system.
In Middle Age England (and elsewhere) Earls and Barons ruled all powerful
little fiefdoms much like Grand Lodges in Mainstream Masonry have in every
state. The only difference is that in the feudal system money and homage and
support had to be passed onto the King. We have no National Grand Master in
the United States. That makes our American Masonic System tribal, a bunch of
smaller kingdoms, inside the larger territory we know as the United States,
answerable to no one.
If you look at Afghanistan today you see a tribal system of
government. The President is a mere figurehead, all power being rested in
warring tribes. Some African nations have the same model. Before the white
man came to America Native American tribes ruled the land. Tribal governance
is perhaps the worst way to organize and rule a territory. The levels of
dissimilarity grow in a tribal territory and often there are clashes and
jealousies. Mexico is on its way to becoming a tribal territory as warring
drug cartels assume power the government used to posses.
Tribes develop their own particular styles and ways of doing
things that are often quite different from other tribes in their area. This
tends to blur any concept of nationality, leaving residents not citizens of a
country but rather members of just a tribe.
The antidote to tribalism is not outlawing tribes and replacing
them with an all powerful, centralized government, but rather diffusing any
institution of total control, restoring localism with a federated national
That describes where we are at today in American Freemasonry. A
host of tyrannical Masonic fiefdoms have been empowered, allowing each
jurisdiction to make up whatever rules it desires, often times rules and
regulations that destroy the real meaning of Freemasonry. Not only is there no
American Masonic identity, neither does the tradition of ALL FREEMASONRY IS
LOCAL exist anymore. Local Lodges have been stripped of all of their power.
All the recent cases of tyrannical Masonic abuse by Grand
Lodges are directly proportional to the amount of centralized power they have
grabbed. There is nothing in the history and traditions of American
Freemasonry that permits lifting of a Lodge’s charter without reason or
recourse, expulsion without a Masonic trial, all Masonic trials held at Grand
Lodge, refusal to allow private Masonic websites in the jurisdiction,
automatic expulsion for legal Masonic discourse via E-Mail, not allowing
sponsorship of DeMolay & Rainbow or for them to meet in a Masonic Lodge and
the list could go on and on.
Beck tells us this:
“Professor Lino Graglia of the University of Texas Law School
once explained that keeping power decentralized and at a local level ‘controls
tyranny’ and produces greater diversity and respect for individual
preferences. ‘It can be shown arithmetically,’ Graglia wrote, ‘that as an
issue is decided by larger units, involving more people, the likelihood
increases that fewer people will obtain their preference and more will be
The choices before us are really narrowed to three.
The status quo – which most will choose
A National Grand Lodge
Choices one and two will only prolong the agony and are or
would be the major cause of disillusionment within the Craft.