BEARD OF MACROPROSOPUS IN GENERAL.
209. RABBI SCHIMEON began, and said: Woe unto
him who extendeth his hand unto that most glorious supernal beard of the Holy
Ancient One, the concealed of all.
210. This is the praise of that beard; the
beard which is concealed and most precious in all its dispositions; the beard
which neither the superiors nor the inferiors have known; 1
the beard which is the praise of all praise; the beard to which neither man,
nor prophet, nor saint hath approached so as to behold it.
211. The beard, whose hairs hang down even unto
the breast, white as snow; the adornment of adornments, the concealment of
concealments, the truth of all truths.
212. It is said in the "Book of Concealed
Mystery": That beard, the truth of all (truths), proceedeth from the
place of the ears, and descendeth around the mouth of the Holy One; arid
descendeth and ascendeth, covering (the cheeks which it calleth) the
places of copious fragrance; (it is) white with ornament: and* it
in the equilibrium (of balanced power),
and furnisheth a covering even unto the midst of the breast.
213. That is the beard of adornment, true and
perfect, from the which flow down thirteen fountains, scattering the most
precious balm of splendour.
214. This is disposed in thirteen forms.
215. In the first disposition are classed the
hairs from above, and it commenceth from that portion of the hair of His head
which is above His ears; and descendeth in one tress before the apertures of
the ears in the most perfect equilibrium, even unto the corner of the mouth.
216. In the second disposition are classed the
hairs from the comer of the mouth, and they ascend even unto the other corner
of the mouth in perfectly equated order.
217. The third disposition is from midway
between the nostrils; beneath those two apertures there goeth forth a certain
path, and the hair is wanting in that path; but on either side of and
bordering that path it is fuller and in perfect order.
218. The hairs which are classed under the
fourth disposition descend below the mouth from the one corner even unto the
other comer, in perfect order.
219. The fifth disposition. Beneath the mouth
proceedeth another path, from the region of the superior path, and those two
paths are impressed on His mouth on this side and on that.
220. The hairs which are classed in the sixth
disposition ascend and come from beneath upwards unto the corner of the mouth,
and cover the places of copious fragrance, even unto the upper corner of the
mouth, and the hair descendeth at the corner of the opening, and across below
221. In the seventh disposition the hair
terminateth, and there are seen two apples in the places of copious fragrance,
beautiful and joyful in aspect, because (in that aspect) is the
universe maintained. And this is that which is said, Prov.
xvi. 16: "In the light of the king's
countenance is life."
222. In the eighth disposition a certain tress
of hair proceedeth round about the beard, and (the hairs) hang down
equilibrated even unto the chest.
223. In the ninth disposition the hairs of the
beard are interwoven and mingled with those hairs which hang in equilibrium;
which hang even thus, so that none is preeminent over another.
224. In the tenth disposition the hairs descend
beneath the beard, and cover the throat beneath the beard.
225. The eleventh disposition is, that no hairs
are preeminent over other hairs, and they are restored into perfect
226. The twelfth disposition is that the hairs
do not hang over the mouth, and that the mouth is uncovered in every part, and
that the hair surrounding it is beautiful.
227. The thirteenth disposition is that the
hairs hang down on this side and on that beneath the beard, furnishing a
covering in beautiful adornment, even unto the chest.
228. Nothing is seen of the whole countenance
and of the places of fragrance, except those beautiful white apples which
produce the life of the universe; and they radiate gladness upon Microprosopus.
229. Through those thirteen dispositions do
they flow down, and the thirteen fountains of precious oil issue forth, and
they flow down through all those inferiors, and in that oil do they shine, and
with that oil are they anointed.
230. The beard of ornament of the Ancient of
the Ancient Ones, the most concealed of all things, is configurated in
231. From the two beautiful apples 1
of His countenance is the face of Macroprosopus illuminated; and whatsoever
is white and rosy is found below; 1
it shineth and radiateth from that light.
232. Those thirteen dispositions are found in
the beard. And in proportion to the purity of his beard, 2
according to its dispositions, is a man said to be true; for also whosoever (in
sleep) beholdeth his beard, that man is very desirous of truth.
233. We have taught in the "Book of Concealed
Mystery," that certain (dispositions) are found in the universe,
according to those thirteen (dispositions) which depend from that
venerable beard, and they are opened out into the thirteen gates of mercies.
234. And he who extendeth his hand in swearing,
also doth the same if he swear by the thirteen 3
dispositions of the beard: these are in Arikh Anpin, or Macroprosopus.
235. In Zauir Anpin, or Microprosopus, how many
are there? He said unto Rabbi Isaac: "Arise in thy place, and describe the
beard of the Holy King according unto the arrangement of its parts. How are
236. Rabbi Isaac arose; he commenced and said,
Micah vii. 18: "What god is like unto Thee," &c.; "Thou shalt give truth unto
237. "We have learned by tradition that herein
are thirteen sections seen, and they all proceed from the thirteen fountains
of excellent oil, of the parts of the holy beard of the Ancient of the Ancient
238. "Tradition: A most secret thing is this
disposition of the beard. Secret is it and hidden; hidden, yet not
hidden; concealed, yet not concealed in its
dispositions; known, yet unknown.
239. "The first disposition. We have learned
that the single locks and the single hairs do not mutually adhere unto each
other; and that the hairs of the beard take their rise from the disposition of
the hair (of the head).
240. "This matter is worthy of examination. If
all the hairs of the head and the hairs of the venerable supernal beard are
balanced in one equilibrium, wherefore are some long, and others not so long?
241. "Wherefore are not the hairs of the beard
constant in the same proportion of length? These also are firm; while those
which are on the head are not firm, but soft.
242. "Therefore is it said that (in
Macroprosopus) all the hairs descend equally from the head and beard; for the
hair of the head is prolonged even unto the shoulders, so that it may reach
unto the head of Microprosopus, from that flux of the one brain unto the
243. "And because they are not firm (also
it is necessary that they be soft). 1
244. "We have learned by tradition. What is
that which is written, Prov. i. 20: 'Wisdom (plural in Hebrew, ChKMVTh,
not ChKMH) will cry without; and at the end of the verse it is written, 'She (singular)
will utter Her voice in the streets.' In this text the beginning doth neither
agree with the end, nor the end with the beginning.
245. "Therefore is it said: Wisdom will cry
without when She passeth from the concealed brain of Macroprosopus unto the
brain of Microprosopus, through those longer hairs; and thus as it were
extrinsically those two brains are connected and become in this way one brain.
246. "Since there is not subsistence in the
inferior brain except by the preservation of the supernal brain.
247. "And when this proflux is instituted from
the one, namely, into the other, this hath place which is written, 'She will
utter Her voice;' namely, in the singular number.
248. "And because She passeth over from brain
unto brain through those long hairs, these same (hairs) are not found to be
249. "Wherefore? Because if they were firm,
Wisdom could not be conducted by them unto the brain.
250. "Because Wisdom cometh not from man, who
is stern and wrathful, like as it is written, Eccles. ix. 17: 'The words of
wise men are heard in quiet.'
251. "And thence we learn that in him
whose hair is firm, wisdom dwelleth not 1
252. "But because these are long (the others
are soft) in order that they may bring assistance to all.
253. "How, unto all? So that it may have
entrance into the marrow of the spine of the back, which is connected with the
254. "And because the hair of the head doth not
hang over the hairs of the beard, since the hair of the head hangeth down, and
is drawn back behind the ears, and doth not overhang the beard; because it is
not necessary to mingle these with those, but all are separated in their own
255. "We have learned by tradition. All the
hairs, as well of the head as of the beard, are white as snow.
256. "And we have learned. Those which are in
the beard are all firm. Wherefore? Because those are firm accordingly, that
they may firmly mark out their thirteen measurements from the Ancient of the
Ancient Ones. 2
257. "And those measurements take their
beginning from before the ears.
258. "And those measurements have been included
within certain limitations, in order that they should not be confounded with
each other. (Others read the passage thus: Because they are communicated unto
the inferiors. For this have we been taught. The hairs commence before the
ears, because they have been separated, and are not to be mingled with the
259. "But if thou sayest that other (sacred
passages) are not given, analogous to these (measurements), thou art in error.
For thus is the tradition: "The thirteen measurements of the mercies of the
Most Holy Ancient One (are symbolized by these clauses of) Mic. vii. 18: 'What
God is like unto Thee?' the first.
260. "'Pardoning iniquity;' the second.
261. "'And passeth by the transgression;' the
262. "'Of the remnant of His heritage;' the
263. "'He retaineth not His anger for ever;'
264. "'Because He delighteth in mercy;' the
265. "'Again, He will have compassion on us;'
266. "'He will subdue our iniquities;' the
267. "'And Thou wilt cast all their iniquities
into the depths of the sea;' the ninth.
268 "'Thou wilt give truth unto Jacob;' the
269. "'Mercy unto Abraham;' the eleventh.
270. "'Which Thou hast sworn unto our fathers;'
271. "'From the days of old;' the thirteenth.
272. "'Unto these correspond in the law, Exod.
xxxiv. 6: 'God merciful and gracious,' &c. And those are the Inferiors.
273. "And if thou sayest, 'Why did not
Moses pronounce those majestic words? 1
It shall be answered unto thee: 'Moses hath no duty to perform save in the
where judgment is found; and in the place where
judgment is found it is not necessary to speak thus. 1
274. "And Moses spake not, save in that time
when the Israelites had sinned and judgment was impending; hence Moses spake
only in that place wherein judgment is found.
275. "But in another place the prophet
hath instituted the order of the praise of the Ancient of Days.
276. "And those thirteen forms of the supreme
holy beard, concealed with many concealments, are most powerful to subdue and
mitigate all the stern decrees of the judgments.
277. "What man is he who looketh back upon that
most secret, holy supernal beard, who is not confounded before it?
278. "Because also all the hairs are hard and
firm in their disposition.
279. "But if thou sayest, 'What if they be so?
Surely the lower hairs are black: why are these not as those?'
280. "Nevertheless, thus is the tradition: It
is written, Cant. v. 11: 'His locks are bushy and black as a raven.'
281. Also it is written, Dan. vii. 18: 'The
hair of His head like pure wool.'
282. "There is no contradiction here, for the
one is said of the supernal beard, but the other of the inferior beard. 3
283. "Also because when the law was given forth
unto the Israelites, it was written in black fire upon white fire.
284. "Also the foundation of the matter cometh
those hairs; because they are found (arising)
out of the (supernal) brain, and stretching down unto the inferior brain.
285. "Also because these are above the beard.
Hence the beard is distinct, and all its forms are found separated (each from
the other); so that the beard is alone, and its hairs are also distinct.
Because it is the beard of Macroprosopus, the Concealed Ancient One.
is, the lower Sephiroth reflect and partake of the properties of the superior
137:2 By the
beard is of course symbolically meant the atmosphere of good or bad deeds with
which a man surrounds himself during his life. Concerning dreaming of the
beard, see the "Book of Concealed Mystery," c. iii. §§17, 18.
Thirteen is by Gematria the number of AChD, Achad, Unity. For A+ Ch + D
= 1 + 8 + 4 = 13.
I.e. If they be not the one, they must be the other.
I.e., Meaning symbolically, "in him who is hardened."
139:2 I have
before remarked that this refers to the unity of the Deity: AChD, Achad,
One; which by Gematria yields 13.
Apparently meaning that, as the words of the text denote, it was the LORD and
not Moses that proclaimed the titles of Tetragrammaton aloud.
Mentioning the merciful characteristics of the Deity, who is represented as
the equilibrium of justice and mercy.
is, of AHIH, as distinct from IHVH. (See Introduction.)
hair and beard of Macroprosopus, as distinct from that of Microprosopus. (See
the "Book of Concealed Mystery," ch. iii. 16.)
Chapter XII: Concerning the Beard of Macroprosopus in Particular, and in the
First Place, Concerning its First Part