Patrons of Husbandry


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The National Grange of the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry was founded in Washington, DC on December 4, 1867, by Oliver Hudson Kelley, a Mason and a clerk with the Federal Bureau of Agriculture, and six other men.  Known as "the Farmer's Masonry," the order uses a seven-degree ritual system, with signs, passwords, grips, and regalia. Both men and women are admitted, 14 years of age or older as equal members, since Kelley was persuaded by his niece, Caroline Hall, to admit women into the order when it was first founded. The first lodge was Fredonia Grange No. 1 in Fredonia, NY.  It was instrumental in passing the "Granger Laws" which put an end to various abuses by the railroad industry in the late 1800’s.  

The order uses the Holy Bible in its ritual, which is placed on an altar in
the Grange, and 43 passages from the Holy Bible are quoted in the Subordinate Grange's four degrees. The Grange Master administers vows to the candidates in each of the four degrees, and the candidate is hoodwinked in the first degree, showing Masonic influences.

The county level administers the fifth degree called "Pomona," while the state level administers the "Flora" degree. The National Grange administers the Degree of "Ceres" or "Demeter" which is exemplified annually. The order forbids alcohol in its meetings, and stresses temperance outside of the Grange.

There was a time in the not-too-distant past when the local Grange Hall was the center of community life in many small towns. It was a place of social gathering, a political rallying point, an economic cooperative, a fraternal order, a service organization and an agricultural forum. It instilled love of God, family and country. It helped farmers band together to protect their mutual interests. And, more than any other institution it embodied an American way of life.

The Grange is the nation’s oldest and second largest farm organization.  It had its beginnings in Washington DC in 1867, founded by a group of farmers for their mutual support and to foster civic, moral and political responsibility. Grange members joined in various group ventures: buying and selling goods; legislative lobbying on behalf of farmers; and eventually, in protecting themselves through insurance. Grangers considered themselves good insurance risks because of their dedication to family, property, citizens’ rights and private enterprise. They thus felt entitled to lower insurance rates. Many small mutual insurance companies were formed by Grangers, but only five have grown to multi-state size.

In 1893, the Washington State Grange met in the hayloft of a new barn in White Salmon, Washington, and resolved to start a fire insurance cooperative. By-laws, assessments, and conditions for the new association were formulated and agents were appointed in various Granges. On April 4, 1894, business commenced and the Washington Fire Relief Association’s insurance was in force.

The Association changed its name in 1936 to Grange Fire Insurance Association. In 1943, to reflect the broadening of coverage offerings to include casualty, as well as fire insurance, the name was then changed to Grange Insurance Association.

A special "Thank You" to Brother Denis McGowan for submitting the wonderful description of the Grange above!

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Patrons of Husbandry – Grangers
Initiation Ritual – First Degree - Preparation


Instructions on Degree Work

The First Degree is intended to symbolize Springtime on the farm.

Court Robes—White with proper colored trimmings: Yellow for Ceres, green for Pomona, and pink for Flora. Ladies may, if desired, wear sunbonnets pushed back from the face. The use of different colored court robes for each degree is optional with the Grange.
The M. will declare a recess for a few moments to prepare the room for initiatory ceremony.
The A. S. shall have in readiness:
1.: The memorandum book, knife and pencil on the desk of the O.
2.: Implement Case, containing ax, plow, harrow and spade, on the desk of the M. (All other implements removed from the case)
3.: A bouquet of grasses for M. to illustrate his lecture
4.: Curtains down, screening the stage, if tableaux are to be used
The L.A.S. will have in readiness for the candidates to wear:
1.: Cloaks made of suitable green material, in the form of a circular neatly prepared and trimmed, covering the entire dress, to be worn by the lady candidates in first part of degree.
2.: Hoodwinks for all candidates.
All being ready for the ceremony, the A.S. and L.A.S. will prepare the candidates in the preparation room. They should adjust hoodwinks on all candidates. Arrange candidates in single file, place the left hand of each candidate on the left shoulder of the one in front, the leading candidates placing their left hands on
the left shoulder of the assistant they follow, and they will follow readily.
The A.S. and L.A.S. will now proceed, the candidates following, as described above. They will approach the Inner Gate and give the alarm.
When the door is opened they enter and pass to the right, as directed in Manual. (There should be perfect silence).
The “salute” consists of one clap of the hands simultaneously by all the members.
When directed by the M. the candidates are conducted by the A.S. and L.A.S. to the altar and placed in position to receive the pledge. The M. administers the Obligation. The A.S. and L.A.S. restore the candidates to light by removing the hoodwinks when so directed by the O. in his lecture, “Light be.”
The O. instructs them in the emblematic use of the memorandum book, knife and pencil.
The M. instructs in the use of the implements of this degree, the ax, plow, harrow and spade, which should be before him in miniature form in a neat case.
The sisters are instructed by the M. in the symbolism of the grasses by exhibiting a bouquet of dried grasses.
The M. also instructs the candidates in the U.W. and symbolism of the degree
C., P. and F. furnish the candidates with useful information and counsel in the spring season of the farmer’s life.
In the ceremonies of all the degrees the M. should see that proper decorum is preserved, as talking or any noise disturbs and distracts the attention of the candidates, and seriously mars the impressiveness of the work.

Degree Work
SYMBOLS—Spring—Childhood—The Seed
EMBLEMS—Ax, Plow, Harrow and Spade.
SCENE—A Farm in the Springtime.
Having signed the roll, the candidates, properly prepared, are in the preparation roam, men in charge of A.S., women in charge of L.A.S. Always form the procession two and two, with women at the right of men, so that on coming to the stations of the Officers and facing to the right, the women will be in the front rank.
Before candidates are admitted, Steward shall caution them that they are about to engage in a serious task, that close attention should be paid to all lectures and that dignity and quiet should characterize every stage of the degree.
In similar manner the Master may properly caution the members inside the hall, in order that the degree may be given with maximum impressiveness.
All silent in the Grange. Alarm from the A.S.
S.: Worthy Overseer, an alarm at the gate.
O.: See who approaches.
S.: Who comes?
A.S.: Men and women seeking employment, who desire to assist in our work.
S.: Are they unconstrained and willing?
A.S.: They are
S.: Have they been tried and found worthy?
A.S.: They have
S.: You will tarry while I ascertain our Worthy Overseer’s pleasure. Worthy Overseer, the alarm comes from strangers seeking admittance.
O.: Satisfy yourself that they are worthy and well qualified, and, if so, admit them.
S. opens Inner Gate and says: None but those worthy and well qualified can enter here. It is the pleasure of our Worthy Overseer that you enter the field with this caution: Use discretion, respectfully obey all orders, and, should work be assigned you, labor with diligence.
A.S.: Let our future conduct prove us.
All silent Candidates are led once around hall to right; stop at O. and A.S. introduces candidates.
A.S.: Worthy Overseer, these friends of ours seek initiation into the Order of Patrons of Husbandry, and desire instruction.
O.: Friends, the Grange is a great fraternity, and the lessons of its ritual are expressed by the use of symbols drawn from the field, the farm and the farm home. The four degrees of our Order are based upon the seasons of the year, each conveying its appropriate lesson. You are about to enter the mysteries of the first degree, symbolic of springtime on the farm, when all Nature is burning into newness of life.
The wild flowers are making the woods and the hills glorious with their beauty; orchards are in bloom, and the air is redolent with their perfume; plowing the fields has begun and soon the sower will go forth to sow.
Additional laborers and maids are needed for work in field and household, and we accept you as willing workers, now in waiting for the tasks to which you will be assigned. For in our fraternity there is work for all, and the idler has no place among Patrons of Husbandry.
Candidates are led again around hall. As they approach station of L. on first round they are halted by L. with upraised hand, who commands “Hold”. This shall be the signal for all members to salute with one clap of the hand.
L.: Hold! Who are these who trespass within our peaceful enclosure?
A.S.: Friends, who desire to be initiated into the mysteries of our Order.
L.: By what token may we prove them?
A.S.: By this signet.
L.: Present it A.S. presents a card bearing these words: “An honest man is the noblest work of God.” Right, brother. The first and highest object of our Order is “to develop a better and higher manhood and womanhood among ourselves” Conduct them to the Worthy Overseer for his examination.
Candidates remain, in position before Lecturer, while Chaplain slowly and impressively gives charge.
Chap.: He that will not plow by reason of the cold shall beg in the harvest and have nothing. He that tilleth his land shall be satisfied with bread; but he that followeth vain persons is void of understanding. The band of the diligent shall bear rule, but the slothful shall be under tribute. Happy is the man that findeth wisdom, and the man that getteth understanding, for the merchandise of it is better than the merchandise of silver, and the gain thereof than fine gold.
After Chaplain’s charge march toward O. is started and when line is halfway between L. and O. it is halted by S. representing Ignorance. S. should not carry staff while giving this charge.
My friends, whither are you going?
A.S.: We are traveling in search of light and knowledge.
S.: Take advice from one whose experience is blissful, and tarry with me. The promises of progress and improvement are delusive. The road you have traveled is familiar and easy, but the one you are now entering is full of obstacles, rough and uneven, environed with dangers, and leads, you know not where. With me you can find ease and comfort. While others are racking mind and body in seeking something new and better, we can secure enjoyment without mental or physical exertion. Moreover, you are blind and cannot see. Come, tarry with me.
All: Heed him not, but persevere!
A.S.: My friends, the person who has been speaking to yon is that worst of enemies to progress—Ignorance, attended by his companions, Sloth and Superstition. Give them no heed if you hope to advance.
Line passes to O.
O.: Who comes here?
A.S.: Friends who desire to become members our Order.
Are they competent to assume the duties that will devolve upon them?
A.S.: They are.
O.: What wages do they expect?
A.S.: Wisdom, and not silver; Knowledge, rather than fine gold.
O.: Do you vouch for their integrity?
A.S.: I do
O.: Friends, is it of your own free will that you seek the position?
Candidates in unison: It is.
O.: It is well. You will conduct them to our Worthy Master; from him you will receive further instruction.
M.: Who are these persons, and why are they here
A.S.: They come to be employed as Laborers and Maids.
M.: Are you willing to engage in these duties?
Candidates in unison: We are.
M.: Friends, your present condition is but an example of Faith, and emblematic of a higher confidence in a Supreme Being. We are constantly passing blindly along the pathway of life, events occurring that we do not understand, and often encountering difficulties and obstructions in our way; but we should press forward, having Faith that God will ultimately bring us into the broad and pleasant fields of Paradise.
We have confidence that you will persevere, but, before assigning you a place in our work, it is necessary that you give us a solemn pledge, which will not conflict with ‘3rour moral, social, religious or civil duties. With this assurance, are you willing to proceed?
Candidates in unison: We are.
M.: Worthy Assistants, you will please place the candidates in position to give the pledge.
O. calls up and M. administers the Obligation
M.: In the presence of our Heavenly Father and these witnesses, I do hereby pledge my sacred honor that, whether in or out of the Order, I will never reveal any of the secrets of this Order, nor communicate them, nor any part of them, to any person in the world, unless I am satisfied by strict test, or in some legal manner, that they are lawfully entitled to receive them; that I will conform to and abide by the laws of my state and nation, the constitution, rules and regulations of the National Grange, and of the State Grange under whose jurisdiction I may be, and of the Subordinate Grange to which I may be attached; that I will never propose for membership in the Order, nor sanction the admission of, anyone I have reason to believe an improper person; nor will I oppose the admission of anyone solely on the grounds of a personal prejudice or difficulty. I will recognize and answer all lawful signs given me by a brother or sister of the Order, and will render them such assistance as may be needed, so far as I may be able and the interests of my family will permit. I will not knowingly wrong or defraud a brother or sister of the Order in word or deed; nor will I permit it to be done by another if in my power to prevent it. Should I knowingly or willfully violate this pledge, I invoke upon myself suspension or expulsion from the Order, and thus be disgraced among those who were my brothers and sisters.
Friends, is this your Obligation?
Candidates answer in a clear voice: It is.
O. calls down
M.: Brothers and Sisters, our desire and search for knowledge necessarily begins in the darkness of ignorance. The buried seed wakes to life in darkness, and then sends up its germ, seeking Heaven’s sunlight. Being pledged to the rules of this Order, you will now be conducted to the Worthy Overseer and prepared for further instruction.
A.S.: Worthy Overseer, it is our Worthy Master’s pleasure that our friends be prepared to receive instruction.
I will obey his request.
My friends, to primeval darkness, covering the face of the deep, came the command, “Light be!” A.S. and L.A.S. suddenly remove the hoodwinks, and all in the Grange salute by one clap of the hands and light was! and the evening, with its darkness, and the morning, with its light, were the first day. Courage, then, and patience, when gloom broods over your pathway. Weeping may endure for a night, but joy cometh in the morning. To the upright there ariseth light in darkness, and the path of the righteous shineth brighter and brighter, unto the perfect day. Then shall the crooked be made straight, and the rough places plain, and knowledge be revealed.
I exhibit to you now a memorandum book, a knife and a pencil. Note down the new and useful ideas that come to you that they be not lost; for new ideas are the material with which progress is made. The knife is used to prune
straggling branch, to cut off the nests of insects, or to cut a plant whose nature you may wish to study. In your intercourse with your fellow-beings correct an error kindly, and with the smooth edge of affection, and do not bruise a wound you wish to heal.
I greet these sisters as worthy members of our Order. Man and woman are the educators of youth and co-students through life; therefore both must acquire knowledge and wisdom. Education adds the greatest charm to woman—it is companion of which no misfortune can deprive her, a friend no enemy can alienate, an ornament in prosperity and a refuge in adversity. In this degree—your Spring season in our Order—begin new the acquisition of knowledge.
Steward will advance near O. and address candidates: I must call your attention to the domestic animals that are committed to our keeping by the Great Author of our being. We are dependent upon them, for without their aid man could never have risen from barbarism to civilization. Practice mercy and compassion toward them. Never overwork nor overload them, and guard against haste in reprimanding them. Treat them with kindness and affection, and they will learn to love you. It is one of the objects of our Order to protect dumb animals from abuse, and any member who countenances their ill-treatment is liable to censure, suspension, or expulsion
A.S.: I will now introduce you to our Worthy Chaplain.
Chap.: Worthy Brothers and Sisters, Agriculture is the first and noblest of all occupations. It is the only one directly instituted by our Creator. God planted the Garden of Eden, and placed man therein to tend and keep it. He caused to spring forth out of the ground every tree and plant that is pleasant to the sight and bearing fruit good for food. It was a command of the Almighty that man should till the ground. History proves that where agriculture has been fostered, that nation has prospered and reached a high degree of perfection; but where it has been neglected degeneracy began. Let us heed the warning and escape the doom.
Worthy Sisters, the interests, the social relations and the destiny of man and woman are identical. She was intended by our Creator to be the helpmeet, companion, and equal of man— the perfecting half added to his hemisphere—thus completing the fully-globed orb of our common humanity; hence, as one, each shares the glory or the shame of the other.
A.S.: Brothers and Sisters, that you may be taught the use of the implements and symbols of this degree, I will now conduct you to our Worthy Master.
A.S.: Worthy Master, our Brothers and Sisters are prepared to receive your instructions.
M I will now call your attention to the implements of this degree—the Ax, Abe Plow, the Harrow and the Spade.
The Ax is used to cut away obstructions in the fields and to prepare timber for use. Its use teaches us perseverance in overcoming obstacles; for, as by repeated blows it cleaves its way through the hardest wood, so should we by repeated trials surmount every difficulty.
The Plow is used to break up the ground and prepare it for planting. This should teach us to drive the plowshare of thought diligently through the heavy soil of ignorance, and thus prepare the mind for the growth of knowledge and wisdom.
The Harrow is used to pulverize the soil as well as to cover the seed. Let this be emblematic of that course of study and observation necessary to enable you fully to understand your business.
The Spade we use when we wish to penetrate deeper into the soil than we can with the Plow. It thus becomes the emblem of thoroughness. Whatsoever you attempt to do, strive to do it well.
My sisters, I am happy to greet you and to encourage you to persevere in the pursuit of the true, the beautiful, and the good. The station of Maid in Our Order involves those general duties which, though common and lowly, prepare for all that is most honorable and useful. Therefore, scorn not to receive instruction from the humblest object that offers you its lesson This bouquet Exhibiting one of dried grasses as you perceive, is composed wholly of different varieties of grasses, possessing little, beauty and less of interest to the careless observer, but full of instruction to the reflecting mind.
Grass is the basis of Agriculture. Without it the earth would be an arid, barren waste. It is emblematic of man’s transitory state upon earth, and also of a brighter and more glorious truth. As the grass awakens to life again at the call of Spring, does not each tiny spear, as it shoots from the ground, preach to you of the resurrection and immortality!
Let the modesty and usefulness of the humble grass be to you an object of imitation as Maids in our Order.
Worthy Lady Assistant, you will now conduct our sisters to the Worthy Steward, and then meet our brothers at the station of the Worthy Lecturer.

Candidates are led around hall to station of L. and A.S. halts the men, while the women in charge of L.A.S. pass to station of S.
L.A.S.: Worthy Steward, I bring our sisters for further instruction.
S.: Sisters, you entered here blinded and covered with that garment. Before you were placed Ignorance and Knowledge. You were allowed to choose for yourself, and you chose wisely and found light. Wearing that garment is to teach you that those we admit into our circle are not chosen by outward appearance, and that we are not deceived by display in dress.
It is to the mind and heart that we look for all good works; therefore, in your intercourse with the world, remember that a noble mind and generous heart are often concealed beneath the garments of poverty. Removes the cloaks. I now greet you as sisters in our Order, and welcome you on your way.
Worthy Lady Assistant, you will please introduce the candidates to the Worthy Lecturer.
Pass around the hall, to places in front of the men, before station of L.
L.: Sisters, when God created the Garden of Eden, and planted therein all that was beautiful of tree and shrub, plant and flower, and so arranged His handiwork that it was Paradise, His last great work was to adorn it with woman.
To woman, then, we look for those noble traits that adorn humanity. Therefore remember the high portion assigned to womanhood, and sustain it with dignity and grace.
Brothers, the farmer at this season must be earnest in his labors, knowing full well that if he neglects to sow he cannot reap. So while occupied in the work of preparing your lands for the seed, have faith in God’s promise that seed-time and harvest shall never fail, and do not lose sight of preparation for that great harvest where you yourselves will at last be garnered.
A.S.: And now once more to the Worthy Master.
M.: In the Grange we are like one great family and when we assemble we securely close our gates to guard against intrusion At the Outer Gate stands the Gate Keeper and at the Inner Gate the Steward. To gain admission at each the proper signal and passwords must be given. Other signs are included in our work, to all of which you should give careful heed.
I will now impart to you the secret instructions of this degree.
Instructs the candidates in: 1st, Signal and Password at the Outer Gate; 2nd, Signal and Degree Words at the Inner Gate; 3rd, Sign and Salutation of this Degree; 4th, Sign of Caution, Sign of Distress, and Patrons’ General Sign
M.: You are now Laborers and Maids in the First Degree of our honorable Order. The salutation of this degree signifies that a member of this degree places Faith in God. Our Worthy Patrons, Ceres, Pomona and Flora will furnish you with advice essential to aid you in your duties.
Music—if candidates march.
Candidates will be marched once around hall and halted before Graces; except that in case of a small or very crowded hall Graces may give their charges while candidates remain in position before station of M. Same rule obtains after charge of F.
L.A.S.: I present you to our Worthy Patron, Ceres.
C.: As Laborers and Maids you will require food for sustenance; take of this corn, but save a portion of the best for seed. It is the Grange symbol of FAITH. The Faith in which you labor will have a realization in the promised reward. And in the blessed sunlight of that Faith all around you will be bright and beautiful. By this Faith even the nodding grain and pluming corn in their season furnish delight to the mind, as well as nourishment to the body.
L.A.S.: I now present you to our Worthy Patron, Pomona.
P.: As specimens of the refreshments in store for faithful Laborers and Maids, behold this fruit. It is the result of Faith in planting the seed, in training the tree and vine and in guarding the fruit during blossoming and ripening.
Fine fruits are the flower of all the products of the earth—blessings designed to please the eye and gratify the taste—to multiply our comforts and elevate our social and moral condition. The culture of fruits indicates refinement. Their use as food tends to a healthy and refined temperament, both of body and of mind; hence they should be esteemed necessities rather than luxuries. It is, therefore, our duty to improve and increase these bounties to their utmost extent.
L.A.S.: I now present you to our Worthy Patron, Flora.
I will strew your path with flowers whose beauty and fragrance cannot fail to make life pleasant, and teach you that there is another and a better world—
“Where everlasting Spring abides,
And never-fading flowers.”
Music—If candidates march.
A.S.: Worthy Master, our brothers and sisters are now ready for labor in the field.
M.: I now greet you as Worthy Laborers and Maids, and charge you always to keep in remembrance the pledge of secrecy and fidelity you have given, and the lessons you have received, that your future conduct may be regulated by the precepts of wisdom and virtue.
Worthy Assistants, you will please introduce our brothers and sisters to their fellow-workers, for which purpose I declare a recess.
A.S. introduces the candidates, and all indulge in social greetings.


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Patrons of Husbandry – Grangers
Ritual of the Second Degree – Culture



Instructions on Degree Work
This degree symbolizes Summer on the farm.
Court Robes—Pink, made of suitable material. Trimmings: Ceres, yellow; Pomona, green; Flora, white Garden hats may be worn.
The A. S. shall prepare:
1.: A suitable receptacle of sand, and a small dish of shelled corn, for use on the altar;
2.: A case of miniature implements, containing hoe and pruning knife, on desk of M.;
3.: Copies of The Grange Declaration of Purposes, with the name of each candidate filled in.
The L A. S. shall prepare:
1.: Roses on desk of O., to present to each sister.
The lectures are exceedingly beautiful, and each officer should study to render them in the best and most impressive manner.
The O. should be prepared, at his desk, to pre­sent each sister candidate a rose, to be laid on the open Bible before the Obligation is administered.

SYMBOLS— Summer—Youth—Fruit Blossoms— The Plant.
EMBLEMS—Hoe and Pruning Knife.
SCENE—A Farm in the Early Summer

Degree Work

The A.S. and L.A.S. receive the candidates in the preparation room, and prepare them for advancement, women at the right of men. Alarm from the A.S.
S.: Worthy Overseer, an alarm at the gate.
O.: See who approaches.
S.: Who comes?
A.S.: Brothers and sisters who seek promotion and instruction in the care of the flocks and cultivation of the field.
S.: ‘Tis well; wait until I obtain our Worthy Overseer’s permission.
Worthy Overseer, there are brothers and sisters in waiting who desire to be advanced to the Second Degree.
O.: Admit them, that we may learn whether they are qualified.
S. opens the Inner Gate and says: It is the will of our Worthy Overseer that they be brought before him.
During the singing the line will march once around the hall and halt at station of S.
S.: The changing seasons of the year bring you now to a new experience in your Grange Journey. In the First Degree you were taught the need of thorough preparation of the soil, the selection of good seed, and the lesson of Faith. You are now to receive instruction in planting and cultivating your crop, looking ever hopefully unto the harvest. Impressive indeed are the teachings of Nature in the unfolding wonders of each successive season; full of instruction for the reflective mind and commanding increasing reverence for the Great Master on High, who ordereth alike the heat and the cold, and in whose hand are the harvests of the earth. As you pass into the summertime of your Grange journey, forget not these teachings of ceaseless activity, of earnest cultivation and of abiding Hope.
After Steward has finished and without further command, candidates are again conducted around the hall and halted at station of O.
O.: Whom bring you here?
A.S.: Brothers and sisters, who, having served faithfully as Laborers and Maids, seek promotion.
O.: Are they honest, faithful and diligent? Can you recommend them?
A.S.: They are honest, faithful to their pledge, and diligent in their work. They are kind and careful with their animals. Indoors and out they have a time and a place for everything. Their homes and farms bear the signs of thrifty farmers.
O.: Brothers and Sisters, your recommendations are good. This degree is emblematic, as will be fully explained. To these sisters I will give each a rose as a tribute for our altar. Presents each a rose, real or artificial. You will now be conducted to the Worthy Lecturer.
A.S.: Worthy Lecturer, our brothers and sisters desire instruction in planting.
L.: Have they been furnished with seed?
A.S.: They have.
L.: From whom did they obtain it?
A.S.: When Ceres furnished them with corn she enjoined them to save a portion of the best for seed; and her admonition has been heeded.
L.: ‘Tis well, They have been guided by the lesson of Faith Wherever you go, whatever your calling, aim to do good. Good deeds are ever fruitful of yet more good Sisters, to be a true Shepherdess in our Order is a noble employment, and well worthy of woman As a Shepherdess, constantly study the book of Nature Learn from it the truths which may remind us of the immense greatness of God, and our own littleness—of His blessings, and the obligations they impose upon us Worthy Assistants, conduct them to our Worthy Chaplain.
A.S.: Worthy Chaplain, our brothers and sisters desire instruction from you as they advance.
Chap.: Brothers, the springing seed teaches us to increase in goodness, and the growing trees to aspire after higher and broader knowledge. Thus the labors of the husbandman and his surroundings beget refinement of feelings and kindly sentiments. In no other occupation does a man’s daily labor bring him into such close companionship with the Great Creator as in the cultivation of the soil. Therefore, guard against selfishness. If thine enemy hunger, feed him. Do good, hoping for nothing in return, and your reward shall be great. Love one another.
My Worthy Sisters, Shepherds have always been highly favored of God, from Abel, who offered the first acceptable sacrifice, to the Shepherds at Bethlehem, to whom the heavenly hosts chanted, “Glory to God in the highest; and on earth peace, good will toward men” The position, then, is ancient and honorable.
Above all, God is a Shepherd, and His people are the sheep of His pasture. You have, therefore, an adorable Pattern in your high and holy duties. To keep in safety those within the fold, and to reclaim the wandering—be your sacred charge. Be patient with the wayward, carefully instruct the erring, diligently seek and bring back the straying and those that are cast out.
During the singing the candidates are led to the altar, where each sister lays her rose upon the open Bible. Previously prepared at the altar should be a receptacle of dry sand and a smaller one of shelled corn, ready for the use of the M., who now comes forward and meets the candidates.
M.: Worthy Assistants, place the candidates in proper position to give the pledge.
Each candidate places open right hand over the heart.
O. calls up and M. administers the Obligation.
M.: You will repeat alter me this Obligation:
“I hereby solemnly renew my obligation of secrecy and fidelity taken in the First Degree of this Order and further promise upon my sacred honor to keep the secrets, fulfill the obligations and obey the injunctions of this Second Degree and aid my brothers and sisters in doing the same.”
O. calls down.
M. takes a few kernels of the corn in the palm of his left hand to exhibit to the candidates, and says:
We are now to teach you how to plant the seed. Behold these inanimate kernels of corn! But the germ has life—the future plant is there. We loosen the soil—we bury the seed; Plants the seed and in so doing impress upon our minds the truth of the immortality of the soul. There is no object in which, to appearance, life and death border so closely together as in the grains of seed buried in the earth; but when life seems extinct a fuller and richer existence begins anew.
From this little seed we have, first the blade, then the ear, then the full corn in the ear. So with the mind, when duly nourished with Faith and Hope. But be not deceived! Whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. Therefore sow such seeds, and so cultivate them, that at the Harvest the ripened grain may meet our Heavenly Father’s approval and be garnered in the Paradise above.
Worthy Sisters, your tribute is accepted. This is God’s holy Word, and thereon fair hands, prompted by pure hearts, have dropped roses, emblems of everlasting love and charity. May the pure teachings of this book mingle with their fragrance, and fill you with the HOPE that maketh not ashamed, so that no fear shall deter you from doing that which is right.
Candidates are conducted to station of Graces.
L.A.S.: I will introduce you to our Worthy Patron, Pomona.
P., presenting fruit blossoms, real or artificial: Let these fruit blossoms be to you an emblem of HOPE. Let us remember that no trees bear fruit in Autumn which do not blossom in the early Summertime. That life may be profitable, laden with good fruits, let all endeavor that youth be studious and Virtuous, replete with the blossoms of observation and study—the promise of future wisdom and usefulness.
L.A.S.: Next listen to Flora.
F.: In exhibiting to you these blossoms, let me remind you that they are symbols of love and charity, which, like flowers, cover many a deformity of nature. Encourage their culture, as well as study their forms and beauty. Endeavor to surround your dwellings with twining vines or graceful plants; for there is no spot on earth so rude as not to be refined by their presence, and none so adorned as not to be graced by their beauty and fragrance.
Above all, remember that amid all that is bright and beautiful in Nature there is nothing which blooms with such unfading colors—there is no perfume on earth fraught with such fragrance—as the flowers of good works and the sweet-smelling savor of that pity which feels for the wants and relieves the distresses of our sisters and our brothers.
L.A.S.: And now listen to Ceres.
C.: As we look around and see the beautiful transformation of seeds. Into attractive plants or majestic trees, we have but another lesson taught us of the wondrous works of God. Changes and transformations are constantly passing before us—the dying grain into the living stalk, the tiny seeds into majestic-trees, the bud to blossom, and the blossom to fruit. All these preach eloquently of the wonder-working God; and if the beauties of this world, when rightly viewed, offer so much of the magnificence of the Creator to charm us here, what must be the sublime grandeur of that Paradise above, not made with hands, eternal in the heavens?
A.S.: Worthy Master, we now come for your admonition and instruction.
M.: My Worthy Sisters and Brothers, may the lessons you have received find genial soil in your minds. Cultivate with HOPE the seed thus planted, that it may yield an hundredfold.
The tools used by us in this degree are the Hoe and the Pruning Knife. The Hoe, with which we cut up weeds and stir the soil, is emblematic of that cultivation of the mind which destroys error and keeps our thoughts quickened and ready to receive and apply new facts as they appear, thus promoting the growth of knowledge and wisdom.
The Pruning Knife, used to remove useless and injurious growths from our trees, plants and vines, should remind you to prune idle thoughts and sinful suggestions, and thus keep your passions within due bounds and prevent your fancy from leading you astray after the vanities and vices of the world. Bear in mind that moral and mental worth rank before worldly wealth or honors, and that, as a worthy Cultivator or Shepherdess in our glorious fraternity, you can justly claim to belong to the true nobility of the land.
I will now instruct you in the signal, degree words, sign and salutation of this degree. Imparts secret work.
You are now Cultivators and Shepherdesses in the Second Degree of our Order. The salutation of this degree signifies that a member of this degree “places Faith in God and nurtures Hope.”
I now present you with the Declaration of Purposes, which clearly defines the basic principles upon which our Fraternity is founded. Before you can be advanced to the Third Degree you will be required to read the Declaration of Purposes and to commit to memory at least one of its paragraphs. The Worthy Steward will test your proficiency before admitting you to further advancement.
And now accept the right hand of fellowship and the congratulations of your associates.
M. declares a recess for greetings.


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Patrons of Husbandry - Grangers
Third Degree – Harvest


Instructions on Degree Work
This degree symbolizes Autumn on the farm, when the ripened grains and fruits are garnered.
Court Robes—Buff Trimmings: Ceres, yellow; Pomona, green; Flora, pink. Tam o’Shanter caps, with russet trimmings, are appropriate.
The A. S. shall prepare:
1.: A small bunch of gleanings made of wheat or rye, constituting the sheaves of grain for each lady member in the Harvest March.
2.: Medium sized gilded or silvered sickle for each male member in Harvest March.
3.: A bright miniature sickle should be on the desk of the M.
In first part of degree, after instruction in the U.W., the candidates are sent to the preparation room. As soon as they leave the hall the altar is moved up close to the platform in front of C.
All is then in readiness for the execution of the Harvest March, which constitutes one of the most beautiful features of the entire degree work, and which should be carried out in all Granges with the utmost care and in accordance with the printed instructions below.
A group of selected members (three to six couples as desired) form two and two in front of L. facing the O. Sisters all carry gleanings and brothers sickles. These represent the harvesters coming in from the field, at the close of the day, bearing the fruits of their labor.
All being ready, they march once completely around the hall, everyone singing the “Harvest Song”. As they pass the Inner Gate the second time it is opened and the candidates led by A.S. and L.A.S. enter and join in the procession. The third time around the bunches of gleanings are deposited in front of C, thus forming a complete sheaf of grain (C. assisted by P. and F. will immediately assemble the gleanings in sheaf form, tying same securely with appropriate yellow ribbon). The line then continues around the hall to station of S., turns left and proceeds diagonally across the hall to station of M. opens to the right and left, passes down back of center single file until the heads of columns again reach the station of S. This will bring the candidates in the rear up between the two columns to the M., who now exhibits the sickle with its accompanying lecture, followed by the chorus by all, “Then Glory to the Steel,” after which the congratulations of C., P. and F. are offered, as in the Manual.
The couples who are to execute the Harvest March should be as carefully trained as the officers; should be seated together and in close proximity to station of L., to facilitate prompt and quiet formation for the march; and at its conclusion they should pass quietly from station of S. (where march ends) to their former seats.
It is now considered to be the hour of sunset, the day’s work is over, and the Harvesters and Gleaners are all assembled on the lawn in front of the Master’s office.
[Note—The fact should never be overlooked that no candidates for the Third Degree should be permitted to enter the Inner Gate until they have first been tested on their knowledge of the Declaration of Purposes, as prescribed in the Second Degree; and have fully qualified therein.]

SYMBOLS—Autumn—Manhood—Flowers—The Fruit—The Ripened Grain
EMBLEM—The Sickle.
SCENE—A Farm in the Harvest Season
The candidates are assembled in the Preparation room in charge of A.S. and L.A.S. and are tested on their knowledge of the Declaration of Purposes, as commanded in Previous degree. Alarm from the A.S.
S.: Worthy Overseer, an alarm at the Gate.
O.: See who approaches.
S.: Who comes?
A.S.: Brothers and Sisters who, having served faithfully as Laborers and Maids, Cultivators and Shepherdesses, desire to be instructed and receive employment as Harvesters and Gleaners.
S.: Tarry until I make their request known to the Worthy Overseer.
Worthy Overseer, brothers and sisters seek employment in the harvest field.
O.: Let them be admitted, that we may learn their qualifications.
Steward op ens the Inner Gate, the line will march once around the hall and halt at the station of the Worthy Steward.
S.: Brothers and Sisters, since the last degree the seasons have changed again. In the First Degree, Springtime, you prepared the soil with FAITH in God In the Second Degree, Summer, you planted and cultivated, nurturing HOPE It is now the Autumn, or Harvest time: The yellow grain is waving for the reapers and gleaners; the rustling corn is hastening toward ripeness; the fruits of the orchard are coloring in succession and bid busy hands to gather them. All these changes should possess your minds that you may enjoy your advancement and feel as well as hear the attendant lessons. We must reap for the mind as well as for the body, and from the abundance of our harvest, in good deeds and kind words, dispense CHARITY. You will now be conducted to the Worthy Overseer.
A.S.: Worthy Overseer, I bring brothers and sisters for the harvest field.
O.: Brothers and Sisters, is it of your own free will that you desire to enter the harvest field?
Candidates in unison: It is.
O.: Have they been duly examined as to their knowledge of our Declaration of Purposes?
A.S.: They have.
O.: Have they been taught how to select good seed, and how to plant it?
A.S.: They have.
O.: It is well. You will conduct them to our Worthy Master and secure his approval.
A.S.: Worthy Master, in compliance with the Overseer’s command, I present these brothers and sisters for instruction as Harvesters and Gleaners. I vouch for their qualifications, by reason of faithful performance of their duties in the previous degrees, and the exemplification in their lives of the lessons of Faith and Hope.
M.: Your recommendation is sufficient to insure them favor More assistance is needed in the fields, the grain is ripe and ready for the harvest. It is, however, important that none but intelligent and skillful laborers be employed Before they enter upon their labors, it will be necessary for them to receive instruction, and, first of all, to give a pledge of secrecy and fidelity. Brothers and Sisters, this pledge will not conflict with your social, religious, moral or political duties. With this assurance, are you willing to proceed?
Candidates in unison: We are.
M.: You will be conducted to the altar and there renew your obligations.
When candidates are in position at altar O. calls up.
M.: You will repeat after me this Obligation: I solemnly promise to keep sacred the pledges of the previous degrees of this Order and hereby pledge my sacred honor that I will faithfully observe the precepts and injunctions of this degree, reveal none of its secrets and assist in promoting the welfare of the Order according to my ability.
O. calls down.
M.: Brothers and Sisters, as Harvesters and Gleaners in our Order, gather only the good seed Our associations in life are the fields in which we reap. Use judgment, and while you glean let your example be such that others may profit by it. You will now be conducted to our Worthy Lecturer.
A.S.: Worthy Lecturer, our brothers and sisters come to gather words of wisdom from you.
L.: Brothers and Sisters, as Harvesters and Gleaners, reap for the mind as well as for the body. Natural history is replete with both the wonderful and beautiful, and its study enables us the better to carry out the principles we inculcate of Faith, Hope and Charity. Cultivate an observing mind. It is delightful to acquire knowledge, and much more so to diffuse it. It is sad to think that any human soul should fail to perceive the beauty that everywhere abounds. Nature preaches to us for ever in tones of love, and writes truth in all colors, on manuscripts illuminated with stars and flowers.
“Be faithful, be hopeful, be charitable,” is the constant song Nature sings, through warbling birds and whispering pines, through roaring waves and howling winds. As Harvesters and Gleaners of this wisdom, teach others how beautiful, how angelic, seems every fragment of life which is earnest and true.
A.S.: Worthy Overseer, our brothers and sisters come for further instruction.
O.: My Brothers and Sisters, all honest labor is honorable. God, who made the earth, set the example of labor, and sanctified it, and made it the necessity of His creatures. Inasmuch as it is of God’s example and design, it is our duty to honor and dignify it, and make it conducive to the advancement and happiness of all God’s people.
You are now about to enter the harvest God loveth a cheerful giver, and no less a cheerful worker; for work is prayer. Labor with cheerfulness. A merry heart doeth good like a medicine. The truest balsam for injured minds is cheerful labor. Cultivate the habit of looking for better and brighter days, instead of mourning over the past.
While you strive to make labor honorable, exert yourself to make it pleasant and cheerful for all around you.
Worthy Assistants, you will now conduct our brothers and sisters to the Worthy Chaplain.
A.S.: Worthy Chaplain, I present our brothers and sisters for instruction.
Chap.: Brothers and Sisters, the fields of our labor are ever “white unto the harvest;” and in them “he that reapeth receiveth wages and gathereth fruit unto life eternal; that both he that soweth and he that reapeth may rejoice together.” Take heed, therefore, and beware of covetousness; for a man’s life consisteth not in the abundance of things he possesseth, but in the right use of God’s blessings. Say not, therefore, “Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years—take thine ease, eat, drink, and be merry”  for our Heavenly Father placed us here to be “laborers together with Him,” and raises up the ever-ripening harvest, that we may be the stewards of His bounty, and so partake of His blessedness in being beneficent. Therefore, be ye helpers one of another, for we are all brethren.
And forget not CHARITY. As flowers and vines cover the rough places in nature, so I charge you, cover the faults and failings of others with the mantle of CHARITY. Speak good of others, rather than evil. Gather up memories of others’ virtues, and pass by their faults in pity. The tears of the compassionate are sweeter than dew-drops falling from roses on the bosom of the earth.
Such are the great aims, labors, and rewards of the true Harvester and Gleaner; and to these I bid you welcome. Be faithful in gathering, that you may be liberal in dispensing.
A.S.: I will now present you to our Worthy Master.
A.S.: Worthy Master, our brothers and sisters come for instruction in the secret work of this degree.
M.: I will now give you the signal of this degree; also, the degree words, sign and salutation. Imparts secret work.
You are now Harvesters and Gleaners in the Third Degree of our Order. The salutation of this degree signifies that a member of this degree “places Faith in God, nurtures Hope, and dispenses Charity.” To A.S.: As the day is far spent, you will conduct the brothers and sisters to the gate of the harvest field, and there join the harvesters as they return from their labors.
Candidates are conducted to anteroom and preparations made for Harvest March.
Harvest March and Song.
M., calls to order: I now exhibit to you the Sickle. Like all the tools we use, it is ancient and honorable; as an emblem of our Order, there is none more so. It speaks of peace and prosperity, and is the harbinger of joy. It is used not merely to reap the golden grain for the sheaf, but, in the field of mind and heart and soul, to gather every precious stalk, every opening flower, every desirable fruit. Thus shall the implement prove a reminder of honorable employment, preaching its sermon of present prosperity and peace, and its prophecy of future plenty and re-sowing.
Chorus By All:
Then glory to the steel
That shines in the reaper’s hand,
And thanks to God, who has blessed the sod
And crowns the reaping band
M.: Brothers and Sisters, your task for the day is over; you have labored diligently, and I gladly commend your faithfulness. Let me urge you to continue with the same diligence until the harvest is finished. I now greet you as Harvesters and Gleaners, and trust that your faithful work will soon entitle you to still further advancement.
Music—If candidates march.
Candidates will be marched once around hall and hatted before Graces; except that in case of a small or very crowded hall. Graces may give their charges while candidates remain in position before station of M. Same rule obtains after charge of F.
L.A.S.: Let our Worthy Patron Ceres greet you.
C.: Brothers and Sisters, happy are they who see in the matured harvest not only the product of human skill and labor, but the reward of Faith in God’s promise of the seed-time. From the abundance of good things which, with God’s blessing, your labors in Faith and Hope have produced, forget not to dispense Charity in word and deed.
L.A.S.: And now listen to Pomona.
P.: Brothers and Sisters, the harvest of fruits will soon claim your attention. May it prove so abundant as to add gratitude to the Hope inspired by the blossoms of the early Summer.
L.A.S.: And now Flora will add the closing charge.
F.: That you may enjoy your rewards dispense Charity, the flowers of brotherly love, as freely as Nature spreads her flowery carpet over all the earth. And let your Charity extend to all humanity.
“While in Faith and in Hope this world may disagree,
All mankind is concerned in Charity.”
Music—If candidates march.
M.: And now, Worthy Assistant and Lady Assistant, please introduce our brothers and sisters to the members of the Grange—for which purpose I declare a recess.
Brief recess for greetings.


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Patrons of Husbandry – Grangers
Fourth Degree - Home


Instructions on Degree Work
This degree symbolizes Winter and the good cheer of the Farm Home.
Court Robes—Light blue Ceres, trimmed with yellow; Pomona, white; Flora, pink. Appropriate headdress—Ceres, wheat heads; Pomona, fruit buds; and Flora, flowers. Each lady officer carries a bouquet of flowers.
A Harvest Feast Table, set with luscious fruits of the farm and garden, the voluntary contributions of Husbandman and Matron.
The A.S. shall prepare:
1.: Sufficient badges on desk of M. for all candidates;
2.: A highly polished Agate on desk of M.
On the desk of the M. should be the badges of this degree and an Agate for the M. to use in explaining the symbolism of his lecture.
The table should be spread with luscious fruits and viands for the festivities—the voluntary contributions of the members.
The candidates in charge of the A.S. and L.A.S. are now admitted and instructed by the various officers.
After the Obligation has been administered by the M. occurs the formation of the Altar Circles, which, when properly performed, constitute a most impressive feature, which the candidates can never forget.
The Obligation should be followed immediately by singing one verse of the “Obligation Song”. During this singing S. comes forward, takes staves from the A.S. and L.A.S. and assumes position slightly at right of M.’s station (standing). Immediately at the conclusion of one verse of the “Obligation Song,” the “Patrons’ Chain” is started. While first verse is being sung, C., P. and F. come forward [no others] and join hands with A.S., L.A.S., and candidates, to form complete altar circle, enclosing M. [C. stands directly behind the M, P. takes hand of L.A.S., and F. the hand of A.S.] Two candidates at end will complete circle by joining hands. After first verse is finished, M. gives charge, “Here, Brothers and Sisters, around our altar,” etc.
Second verse of “Patrons’ Chain” is then sung, during which the members advance from their seats and with joined hands form a complete second circle around the first, standing thus [no marching] while M. gives charge, “As we in form thus enclose you within a sacred circle,” etc. Then O. calls down; members return quietly to their seats; S. presents staves to A.S. and L.A.S. and passes to his station.
In arranging for the Fourth Degree circles at the altar, it is very desirable to select a leader for starting the second circle, in which the members are to participate, and have it clearly understood in advance that no one is to start making the second circle until the leader gives the cue; similarly, the return to seats will await the initiative of the leader.
In the event of a crowded hall it will probably be wise to request in advance that only those in he front row of seats on each side of the hall come forward to make the second circle, provided this number will be sufficiently large to enclose completely the first circle. Confusion at this point is inevitable unless this caution is observed.
After candidates leave the altar they will be conducted once around the hall and introduced to L., the work then following according to the Manual, command of the M. the candidates are conducted to C., P. and F. for instruction in the lessons of the signs of the degrees. It is recommended that a tableau be shown at this point,
presenting a winter scene, which should show the home of a prosperous farmer enjoying with his family the fruits of the season’s labors.

Sufficient time should be allowed to permit the members to view the tableau before Ceres begins to deliver her charge C., P. and F. give their respective charges, and candidates are then conducted around the hall to station of M., for instruction in the U.W. [Whenever the stage is used for tableaux C., P. and F. will be stationed on time floor of the hall directly in front of stage.
After the candidates have received instruction from the M. in the U.W. and in the symbolism of this degree, and following the Secretary’s charge they are invited to the feast.
As suggested in the Manual either one of two methods may be adopted for illustrating this closing feature of the Fourth Degree.
If a table is to be placed in the hall, it should be attractively prepared outside, in readiness for immediate presentation at the point where M. invites to the feast. In such event at should be placed near the center of the hall, with positions of M, O., L. and Chap. as indicated in the Manual.
If all can be seated at one time in the dining-room, the Master’s invitation to the feast may he followed by a march to dining-room—officers first, led by A.S. and L.A.S., then candidates, visitors and members of the host Grange. Officers will occupy same positions as already prescribed. When the feast has ended [before any are permitted to leave] M. will rise and slowly and impressively deliver the final lecture of the degree.
If least is to be given in the dining-room after Grange is closed the Master should so announce. Same instructions as to march, seating, closing lecture, etc, will then apply.

SCENE—A Farm Home in the Winter Season.
M. calls to order and stands during the opening ceremony; each officer, as he takes part, should stand while speaking: The hour of labor has arrived and the work of another day demands our attention. Let each repair to his or her allotted station. Worthy Overseer, are all present correct?
O.: Worthy Steward, you will ascertain
S.: My assistants will make examination and report.
O.: Worthy Master, we find all present correct.
M. will call the seated officers to rise and they will remain standing until the close of the opening ceremony.
M.: Worthy Steward, are the gates properly guarded
S. examines and finds G K at his post: They are, Worthy Master
M.: Worthy Steward, inform the Gate Keeper that we are preparing for work.
S. opens wide the I.G.: Brother Gate Keeper, the Worthy Master directs me to inform you that we are preparing for work
G.K. closes the O.G.: I therefore close this Outer Gate in F. in H. and in C. and will guard it with P.
M.: Right, Worthy Gate Keeper. To Chaplain: And now, Worthy Chaplain, as Laborers tinder the Great Master of the Universe, let us bow in prayer. Calls up entire Grange.
Chap.: Almighty Father, Maker of Heaven and Earth, and Giver of all good, we return our heartfelt thanks that we are permitted again to meet each other here to work in this glorious cause. Endow us with prudence and wisdom in our counsels as a body, that our work may be good and acceptable in Thy sight, and that our labors may be blessed with a liberal harvest; and when we are called to lay down our implements on earth, may we enter the Paradise not made with hands, eternal in the heavens, and receive that welcome plaudit: “Well done, good and faithful servants.”
We beseech Thee to bless the officers and members of this Grange, and all connected with the Order, from the highest to the lowest degree, and grant them prosperity. We ask all in Thy holy name.
All: Amen
Opening Song.
M.: Worthy Steward, please close the Inner Gate.
S. closes the I.G.: In F. in H and in C. I close this Inner Gate, and will guard it with F.
Grange Salutation.
M.: Patrons, in F. in H. in C. and with F. this Grange is now opened in ample form in the Fourth Degree. Worthy Overseer, please proclaim it accordingly.
O.: By command of the Worthy Master, I proclaim this Grange opened in ample form for promoting the welfare of our country and of mankind, and for advancing the interests, elevating the characters, and increasing the influence of all Patrons of Husbandry, by properly transacting our business and by exemplifying our principles in F. in H. in C. and with F.
As in previous degrees the candidates should be in readiness in the anteroom in charge of the A.S. and L.A.S. Alarm from the A.S.
S.: Worthy Overseer, an alarm at the Gate.
O.: See who approaches.
S.: Who comes?
A.S.: Brothers and sisters, who have finished their labor in the harvest field, and now seek advancement
S.: Do you vouch for them?
A.S.: I do.
Steward opens the Inner Gate, the line will march once around hall and halt at the station of the Worthy Steward. At the conclusion of song, Steward advances and says: Brothers and Sisters, I welcome you on your way. It is now the Fourth Degree, in the Grange, on the Farm, and in our lives. The seasons of Preparation, Culture and Harvest have passed. It is in the Home that we enjoy the fruits of our labors in the fields of the farm, and the fields of life. In winter, the season of rest from active toil, we sit down with our families, our friends and neighbors, and enjoy together the good things our labors in the lower degrees have brought us. So also in old age we enjoy the fruits of a well-spent life, surrounded by friends, and in a happy Home, “Noted for FIDELITY.” You will now be conducted to the Worthy Overseer.
A.S.: Worthy Overseer, these brothers and sisters, who have served faithfully, desire to become Husbandmen and Matrons.
O.: Brothers and Sisters, your industry, zeal and efficiency have gained you the approbation of your companions in our Order, and I rejoice at your advancement. The position to which you have now arrived confers upon you great privileges, and binds you in a closer tie of brotherhood. You will now apply in a higher station the wisdom gained in the previous degrees. Faithful there, we expect continued FIDELITY here. Is it your wish to proceed?
Candidates in unison: It is.
O.: You will then give us a further pledge of honor to secrecy and fidelity as a Patron, which will not interfere with your duty to God, to your country, or to yourself. With this assurance will you give it?
Candidates in unison: We will.
O.: Worthy Assistants, you will now conduct these brothers and sisters to the altar, where they will register their pledge in the Fourth Degree of our Order.
During the singing the candidates are led around the hall, reaching the altar at the close, where they are met by the Master.
M.: Worthy Assistant, whom bring you to our altar?
A.S.: Brothers, true, worthy and well qualified.
M.: Worthy Lady Assistant, whom bring you to our shrine?
L.A.S.: Sisters, who have gleaned in the field.
M.: Have you a precedent for so doing?
L.A.S.: I have.
M.: Will you give it?
L.A.S.: In Ruth, the Moabitess, who gleaned in the fields of Boaz.
M.: When urged by Naomi to return to her kindred, how did she reply?
L.A.S.: “Entreat me not to leave thee, or to return from following after thee: for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge: thy people, shall be my people, and thy  God, my God: where thou diest, will I die, and there will I be buried: the Lord do so to me, and more also, if ought but death part thee and me.”
M.: Right, sister; let us trust that equally strong friendship may exist between us all in our fraternity.
O. calls up and M. administers the Obligation.
M.: Brothers and Sisters, I will now administer the Obligation. You will repeat after me: “I hereby renew and confirm the obligations I have heretofore taken in this Order and solemnly declare that I will never communicate the secrets of this Order to anyone unless legally authorized to do so and that I will endeavor to be a true and farihful Patron of Husbandry, perform the duties enjoined in this Order and aid others in the performance of the same. I further promise to uphold the Constitution of the United States and to obey the laws of the land.”
Altar Circles and Songs.
During singing of first verse of Patrons’ Chain, A.S., L.A.S., Ceres, Pomona and Flora join hands with the candidates, making first circle around the M. and the altar, and M says: Here, Brothers and Sisters, around our altar, with hands united, we pledge to you our friendship, and accept your pledge of fidelity in return.
During singing of second verse of Patrons’ Chain outer circle is formed and M. will continue: As we in form thus enclose you within a sacred circle, so does this Grange in the name of our noble and beneficent Order pledge to you a pure friendship, enduring through life, to shield you from harm. And now, Brothers and Sisters, loose hands, but let us ever hold fast and firm our obligations of FIDELITY. O. calls down.
Worthy Assistants, you will now conduct the candidates to the Worthy Lecturer.
A.S.: Worthy Lecturer, our Worthy Master desires you to instruct the candidates.
L.: Brothers and Sisters, to live in the country and enjoy all its pleasures, we should love rural life. To love the country is to take interest in all that belongs to it—its occupations, its sports, its culture, and its improvement—to gather the flocks around us and feed them from our own hands—to make the birds our friends, and call them all by their names—to rove over the verdant fields with a higher pleasure than we should have in carpeted halls of regal courts—to inhale the fresh air of the morning as if it were the sweet breath of infancy—to brush the dew from the glittering fields, as if our paths were strewn with diamonds—to perceive this glorious temple all instinct with the presence of the Divinity, and to feel, amid all this, the heart swelling with an adoration and a holy joy absolutely incapable of utterance. This it is to love the country, and to make it not the home of the body only, but of the soul. The teachings of our Order would make the farmer’s home the brightest and happiest place on earth.
A.S.: Worthy Overseer, our brothers and sisters are on their way to receive their reward, and desire counsel from you.
O.: Brothers and Sisters, you are now about to receive your reward as faithful Harvesters and Gleaners—a position reached by merit alone. As Husbandmen and Matrons look with earnest solicitude upon children and their welfare; and remember that they are to follow in our footsteps and occupy our positions. If we desire to encourage them to love rural life, we must make its labors cheerful. What a child sees makes the most lasting impression. We may tell them of the pleasures and independence of the farmer’s life; but if their daily intercourse with us shows it to be tedious, irksome, laborious, without any recreation of body or mind, they will soon lose all interest in it and seek enjoyment elsewhere. Therefore, strive to make your homes pleasing— make them more and more attractive. Adorn your grounds with those natural attractions which God has so profusely spread around us; and especially adorn the family circle with the noble traits of a kind disposition—fill its atmosphere with affection, and thus induce all to love and not to fear you; for love is the only enduring power. Speaking the truth in love, you will impress your memory on the mind of childhood in characters which floods cannot wash out, nor even the slow-moving ages of eternity obliterate. Be careful, also, to engraft only such truths as will be guide and teacher when your voice shall be silent on earth, and you have passed to another and a better world.
A.S.: Worthy Master, our brothers and sisters are now ready to receive their reward.
M.: Brothers and Sisters, you have labored diligently, and I say unto you, “Well done, good and faithful servants.” As Husbandmen and Matrons, the Assistant Steward and Lady Assistant Steward will now decorate you with the regalia of our Order, an emblem of Fidelity and Fraternity. Brothers and Sisters, wear it with honor and dignity. You will now be instructed in the lessons of the signs of the degrees. The first you will receive from Ceres.
Music—If candidates march.
Candidates will be marched once around halt and halted before Graces, except that in case of a small or very crowded hall Graces may give their charges while candidates remain in position before station of M. Same rule obtains after charge of F.
C.: Brothers and Sisters, my tribute is the seed corn. Have FAITH. Faith in the spring of the year, and the springtime of life. Even as little children have Faith in their parents, so should we have Faith in the Great Provider. We prepare our fields and plant the seed, having Faith in its resurrection.
L.A.S.: Brothers and Sisters, give heed to further lessons from Pomona.
P.: I need not prompt you to nurture HOPE. Hope is the heavenly light that gilds our labors. Were we deprived of that source of consolation, life would indeed be dreary. When you see the blossoms open in the early summer, Hope is there for the luscious fruit. The labors of the Husbandman and Matron encourage Hope at every turn. Let the fruit blossoms be to you an emblem of HOPE.
By Flora you will be further taught.
F.: Let flowers be to you an emblem of CHARITY. In kind words and deeds dispense. Charity, as freely as flowers do their perfume, and as generously as they cover all God’s footstool. Beautify and adorn your homes with flowers. The home that is thus made fragrant and cheerful is prepared to be the abode of sweeter affections and more radiant virtues.
A.S.: We will now return to the Worthy Master.
Music—If candidates march.
M.: Let the Agate be to you an emblem of FIDELITY May your principles of manhood and womanhood be as firmly impressed as the lasting colors in the stone, and may our friendship be as firm as the stone itself. I now give you the sign and salutation of this degree. Imparts same.
Brothers and Sisters, you are now Patrons of Husbandry in the Fourth Degree of our honorable Order. The salutation of this degree signifies that “A good Patron places Faith in God, nurtures Hope, dispenses Charity, and is noted for Fidelity.”
I will also impart to you the signal and degree words of this degree, annual word, voting sign, sign of recognition, grip, Patrons’ test, and instruct you in the use of the gavel Imparts secret work, with proper exemplification of same.
The Worthy Secretary will now instruct you as to your obligations to this Grange.
A.S..: Worthy Secretary, it is the wish of our Worthy Master that these newly initiated Patrons of Husbandry shall be instructed by you concerning their obligations to this Grange.
Inasmuch as you are now members in the Fourth Degree of this Grange, it is important that your obligations to the Order be fully understood. One of the essential virtues in a good Patron is punctuality—in attendance upon meetings, in response to parts assigned, and in meeting financial requirements. In our fraternity there, is work for all and those reap the most abundant harvest of Grange benefits who contribute most liberally of their own strength, time and talent.
The members’ quarterly dues constitute the financial lifeblood of the Order, and subordinate, Pomona, State and National Granges are supported almost entirely by this small contribution from the membership. Dues are payable in advance on or before the first meeting in the quarter and should always be cheerfully and promptly met.
No member may receive the annual password whose dues are not paid in full to December 31st of the previous year. Prompt advance payment of dues by all members assures good financial standing by the Grange and contributes very materially to its prosperity and growth.
A.S.: And now once more to our Worthy Master.
M.: Now, Brothers and Sisters, having merited and received the approval of your companions, I cordially invite you to join us in the enjoyment of the fruits of our labors in the preceding degrees.
The exercises at the table may be opened with song and the positrons around the table will be as follows: M. at the head, with Chap. at his left, L. at his right, and O. at the opposite end. When all have taken positions M will say: Worthy Chaplain, our harvest being ended, and the fruits thereof spread before us, it is meet that we return thanks to the Great Creator for these blessings.

Chap.: Heavenly Father, who openest Thine hand to satisfy the desires of every living thing, make us grateful for Thy present provision, and may the strength it imparts be expended in Thy service and that of humanity.
All: Amen.
Make the Feast cheerful with pleasant conversation and songs. At the close of the Feast, M., standing at his place at the table, will call to order and deliver this closing Lecture of the Degree.
M.: Another season in the work of our Order has passed. The lessons we have endeavored to inculcate are appropriate to all the walks and seasons of life. In the morning or Springtime, as Laborers and Maids in field and household, we are admonished to be diligent—persevering in our researches for truth, and in a faithful discharge of the various duties that devolve upon us. As Cultivators and Shepherdesses, we are impressed with maxims that lead to habits of observation, industry and order in life’s Summertime. As Harvesters and Gleaners, we learn to be joyous and thankful for the blessings that, in each Autumn, reward our efforts to increase the store of comfort and happiness vouchsafed to man. And when the ripened fruits and falling leaves of Autumn give place to Winter, as Husbandmen and Matrons—Patrons of Husbandry, indeed—we can enter into the enjoyment of that rest from physical labor which gives us leisure for mental and social culture; and which, in our Order, brings us into that circle where unbounded confidence prevails, and where the welfare of each is bound up in the good of all. Let us treasure up the lessons we have learned, both by successes and failures, plan wisely and hopefully for the future, and strive to make our lives as harmoniously beautiful and bountiful as are the works of Nature’s God.
Note—Inasmuch as the Harvest Feast and the accompanying lecture constitute a beautiful climax to the degree, this portion should be made as impressive as possible.
M.: Worthy Overseer, are the labors of the day completed?
O.: They are, Worthy Master.
As there is no more work for us today, the Steward will see that the implements are properly secured for the night.
S.: All is secure, Worthy Master.
M., calls up:
Brothers and Sisters: As we are again to separate, and mingle with the world, let us not forget the precepts of our Order. Let us add dignity to labor, and in our dealings with our fellowmen be honest, be Just, and fear not. We must avoid intemperance in eating, drinking and language; also in work and recreation, and whatever we do, strive to do well. Let us be quiet, peaceful citizens, feeding the hungry, helping the fatherless and the widows, and keeping ourselves unspotted from the world.
Closing Song.
Grange Salutation.
Worthy Overseer, please proclaim the Grange closed.
O.: By command of the Worthy Master, I proclaim this Grange duly closed until again lawfully opened, in F. in H. in C. and with F.

So be it.
All repeat: So be it.
Chap.: May the Divine Master protect, guide and bless us all, now and evermore.
All: Amen.
M.: Worthy Steward, inform the Gate Keeper that the labors of the day are closed.
S.: Worthy Gate Keeper, the Worthy Master directs me to inform you that the labors of the day are closed.
Master closes Grange with one rap of gavel.


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Order of Patrons of Husbandry Ritual
5th Degree - Pomona

Opening Ceremony
The Master will take his place, and call the Grange to order by one stroke of the gavel. Officers will immediately repair to their respective stations, and members, clothed in regalia, will be seated. The Master will then rise and say: Brothers and Sisters, we have assembled for work in the Degree of Pomona. Please assist in opening the Grange.
Calls up.
M.: Worthy Overseer, please ascertain if all present are entitled to remain with us in the Fifth Degree.
O.: Worthy Steward, you will direct your Assistants to satisfy themselves that all present have received the Fifth Degree.
S.: My Assistants will make an examination and report.
The Assistants will receive the words from the Overseer, make the examination and report, as in the Fourth Degree.
O.: Worthy Master, I am satisfied that all present have been instructed in the Fifth Degree.
M.: Worthy Steward, is the Gate Keeper on guard?
The Steward will see if the Gate Keeper is at his post and reports.
S.: He is, Worthy Master
M.: Worthy Chaplain, we will join with you, and invoke the Divine favor.
C.: Our Father who art in heaven, we beseech Thee to inspire us with Thy presence on this occasion. Give us strength of mind, purity of thought, and earnestness of purpose in the discharge of every duty; and may the work and influence of this Grange imbue us with wisdom and virtue—that we may he able to carry good cheer to our homes, and become better qualified to discharge the duties of life. We ask all in Thy holy name. Amen.
All respond: Amen.
M.: Worthy Steward, please close the Inside Gate.
Steward Closes the door.
S.: The Gate is closed, Worthy Master.
M.: Brothers and Sisters having reached this high position through the exercise of F*, H*, and C*, with F*, and by P*; let the language of the Salutation of this Degree, be our inspiring motto in all our work as Patrons of Husbandry.
M.: I now declare the Grange opened for work in the Fifth Degree. Worthy Steward, inform the Gate Keeper.
Calls down.
Degree Work
A double curtain is stretched across the Hall, in front of the Stage, on which POMONA presides, surrounded by ten or twelve Lady Attendants, all gaily dressed. The Stage is superbly decorated with flowers, shrubbery and fruits.
POMONA seated on the throne—her Attendants form a good Chorus.
A table occupies the centre of the Hall, on which are displayed fruits and flowers. The Master’s desk is in front of the curtain, on the same side which it occupies in the subordinate degree work. The officers’ desks are decorated, but all decorations are covered up in the first part of the work, and the room is dimly lighted by a single candle on each officer’s desk.
Candidates in the ante-room are clothed in the regalia of the fourth degree, and Masters of Granges wear their jewels. Each candidate is closely blindfolded.
A.S. gives the signal of the fifth degree.
S.: Worthy Overseer, an alarm!
O.: Worthy Master, an alarm!
M.: Worthy Overseer, request the Steward to ascertain who thus disturbs our deliberations.
O.: Worthy Steward, by command of our Worthy Master you will ascertain who is without.
S., opens door: Who are these persons thus disturbing the deliberations of this assembly?
A.S.: Patrons of Husbandry who desire to receive the degree of Pomona.
S.: Will you testify that they are eligible?
A.S.: I will. They have their credentials, which are correct.
S., closes door: Worthy Overseer, those without are duly qualified candidates for the degree of Pomona.
O.: If you will assume the responsibility you can admit them.
S., opens door, and in a loud voice says: Worthy Assistant, the door is opened, but at your peril let none enter who are not fully qualified. Tread lightly, and be silent.
Soft music as they pass once around the Hall— the women candidates attended by the L.A. Steward—and as they reach the Overseer’s desk, crash of thunder.
O.: Who are these, and whither are they going?
A.S.: Patrons of Husbandry, who have served faithfully in all the subordinate degrees, and desire to enter a higher field of usefulness.
O.: Have they credentials?
A.S.: They have: and I now present the same for your examination. Hands papers.
O.: While their papers are being inspected, you will conduct the candidates to the Chaplain.
A.S.: Worthy Chaplain, by order of our Overseer, I bring these Patrons of Husbandry for instruction, preparatory to their advancement.
Chap.: Patrons, the ceremony of the degree you are about to receive is one that can never be erased from your minds, and should he considered by you with all due solemnity. Therefore, that you may be prepared in heart and in mind, let us unite in prayer. Master calls up.
Chap.: Almighty Father, we bow before Thee in all humility, and beseech Thee to look with favor upon those now present who seek further knowledge
of our mysteries. May this occasion teach them to look to Thee with increased reverence, and to love and to serve Thee with greater fervor and devotion. Give them strength of mind and body, that they may labor more effectively in the good cause. We ask it in Thy holy name.
All: Amen.
While candidates stand before the Chaplain the Overseer says: Worthy Assistant Steward, their credentials are correct, and you will proceed to the altar with the candidates.
Music while candidates are being ranged around the altar.
A.S.: Worthy Master, the candidates at the altar are ready to take the obligation.
O. Calls up.
Patrons, repeat after me:
I, ..., pledge my sacred honor that what I may, at this time, learn of the mysteries of this Order, shall he kept secret by me,—and solemnly promise that as a representative in any legislative or business body of the Order, my voice and vote shall always be used to promote the welfare of the Order, without fear, favor or personal bias. And I declare that I never will, by word or deed, wrong a member of the Order, and will always endeavor to protect our Sisters from harm. And I hereby renew and confirm all former pledges, under the penalties heretofore invoked, and make them part of this obligation.
O. calls down, and M. says: Worthy Assistant Steward, you will restore them to light, and conduct them to the Overseer.
A.S.: Worthy Overseer, I bring these Patrons of Husbandry to be prepared for entering the Court of Pomona.
O.: Patrons, have you brought any token of your industry—any product of the soil?
Each Cand.: I have not.
O.: It is necessary that you do so; for, to gain favor with Pomona, some tribute must be presented. I cannot grant you authority to proceed further, and if you venture it must be at your own risk.
O. inverts his candle.
A.S.: Patrons, you have heard the Overseer. Shall we proceed?
Cand.: Yes.
A.S.: If you will take the risk, I will be your guide. Music. Worthy Lecturer, these Patrons are on their way to the Court of Pomona.
L.: To be admitted there, each must present a written essay upon some agricultural subject in which the writer is interested—one calculated to advance the interests of our Order. To candidates: Are you so provided?
Each Cand.: I am not.
L.: It is highly important that you should be, to show that you take an active interest in the progress of our Order. It is instituted not merely for amusement, but to accomplish great objects. If all are negligent in this respect, our time is lost. All the results of experiments must be noted, and this experience he given for the benefit of our associates. Hereafter, heed this. As it is, I cannot encourage you with even faint hopes of success in your pilgrimage to Pomona; and if you proceed, I must caution you that it will be at your own risk.
L. inverts his candle.
A.S.: Patrons, she prospect of success is far from encouraging. We will venture to approach the Worthy Master, and see if we can gain his approval. Music. Worthy Master, I bring Patrons of Husbandry who seek admission to the Court of Pomona.
M.: Have they brought evidence of their skill as Husbandmen and Matrons?
A.S.: They have not.
M.: Then they certainly cannot expect to find favor here. It is one of the precepts and commands of our Order that each member shall contribute liberally, either in the products of the soil or of the mind for the common good of our fraternity. They certainly cannot be permitted to participate in the benefits of this degree without the special permission of Pomona.
A.S.: Can they have your authority to approach and ask her permission?
M.: Coming here without any specimen of their skill and industry, I cannot give it. They must go at their own risk.
M. inverts his candle.
A.S.: Patrons, your hopes of success grow faint. There remains but one way in which you can succeed. Will you venture on that?
Each Cand.: I will!
A.S.: I charge you then to have courage! You must first secure the Password. Come this way.
Music. Every candle but one is extinguished. It is dark Distant thunder and rain are heard. Lightning flashes. On reaching the Altar the first curtain is drawn aside showing the Apparition in white, guarded by dragons. Thunder ceases.
Spectre: Who are these that dare intrude within this sacred portal.
A.S.: Patrons of Husbandry who have labored diligently in Subordinate Granges, and who now desire to gain admission to the Court of Pomona.
Spec.: Have they brought offerings to lay before her?
A.S.: They have not,
Spec.: How, then, do they expect to gain admittance? Have they authority from the Worthy Master?
A.S.: They failed to secure that.
Spec.: Why did they fail?
A.S.: Because they brought no offerings.
Spec.: Then they cannot pass.
A.S.: Are all their hopes, then, blasted? Is there no way in which they can gain your favor?
Spec.: There is—one way.
A.S.: What is it?
Spec.: Hope, and Persevere.
A.S.: In what respect?
Spec.: ALL THROUGH LIFE! Let it be a lesson, never to be forgotten, that success in a good cause is gained only by perseverance. Never be discouraged. Hope and persevere!
All: Hope and Persevere!
Thunder and lightning. Grand crash. Apparition and dragons disappear.
A.S.: How we have a clue! Come this way. With it you may gain your end.
A.S. and Candidates retire to the ante-room. As soon as the Hall is vacated the curtains are drawn back, table and officers’ desks uncovered, full light, and the whole room made to appear like a fairy bower, in as strong contrast to its former gloomy appearance as possible. A.S. then gives signal, which is answered by the S. and the door is thrown open. Grand Concert of voices and instruments, during which candidates pass slowly around the room, and, as the song ends, stop at L.
A.S.: Worthy Lecturer, we are on our way to the Court of Pomona, seeking wisdom.
L.: Patrons, those whose seek Pomona’s Court should delight in the science and art of Agriculture, The charge and labors of the farm, the garden, the dairy, and the farm household, should have a humanizing influence on the mind. Can we aid in giving fruitfulness to the soil, assist in the subterranean mysteries of germination, and direct the growth of the almost intelligent plants, without grateful recognition of the power of the Almighty? Can we superintend the mysterious alchemy of dairy and kitchen and the more interesting changes of the human frame and intellect in their wonderful developments from infancy to age, and not feel an adoring awe at the wisdom and love of the framer of our bodies and the Father of our spirits? Thus the study of God’s works is a never ending source of delight and improvement. It enlightens our minds, refines our tastes, and expands and improves our affections.
In these great aims of our Order Pomona delights, and richly rewards all who endeavor to promote them.
Music, during which candidates are conducted to O.
A.S.: Worthy Overseer, we salute you.
O.: Patrons, you have been prepared to consider anew your obligations as husbandmen and matrons. There is one great duty which I would impress upon your minds at this time. It is, to preserve, and bring together for exhibition, at proper seasons, the choicest productions of orchard, farm, garden, dairy, and household skill, that we may incite one another to good works. But what avail these, beyond a momentary pleasure, without that instruction which will form others how they may accomplish similar valuable results?
Every Patron of our ancient art should experiment to discover new modes of cultivation, or to ascertain precisely what are the elements of success. He should note the character and condition of the soil; the quality, measure and weight of his seed; the time and mode of planting; and the state of atmosphere and season, before, at, and after planting. He should also carefully observe and record all changes and accidents, helps and hindrances that attend each stage of growth. And when the experiment is completed, he should as carefully note all particulars per. taming to the results obtained. This will enable him to instruct others, and will suggest many valuable hints for future use. Thus will you truly become eminent Patrons of Husbandry, honoring and being honored, blessing and being blessed, instructing and being instructed, favored of God, and your brethren, approved by your own conscience, and the judgment of the wise and good who know you and your works.

Music, during which the candidates are conducted to Chaplain.
Worthy Chaplain, we solicit words of counsel from you.
Chap.: Patrons, it was proper that you presented yourselves at our Altar. None should live so near God, and in such acknowledged dependence on Him,
as the Husbandman and Matron. We live amid His works, surrounded by His productions, dependent on His air, His light, His warmth, to cause the seed we plant, to germinate, and all our labors, to yield fruit.
Our every sense is vitalized and gratified by His providence, and our every want supplied by His bounty. It is most especially true of us, that “in Him we live, and move, and have our being;” for our labors are His labors, our rewards are the results of His workings, and our every pulsation and breath should therefore be in harmony with His works and His will. Even we, ourselves, are God’s husbandry.

They pass up and salute Pomona.
A.S.: Worthy Pomona, I greet you, and in behalf these Patrons I solicit your favor.
Pomona: Have they brought any tribute?
A.S.: They have not.
Pom.: How, then, could they enter here?
A.S.: The talismanic words of success were uttered, and all obstacles were removed.
Pom.: What were they?
A.S.: Hope, and Persevere!
Pom.: Let those words be indelibly graven on their minds. To candidates. What seek you?
A.S.: The authority by which they may be invested with all that belongs to this degree.
Pom.: It is granted. Take this signet to our Worthy Master, that they may receive the Sign and Password.
Passes an emblem of the degree to one of her Attendants, who gives it to A.S.
A.S.: Thanks, Worthy Pomona. Bows to her, and turns to candidates. Through Perseverance we have gained our object. Now let us to the Worthy Master.
A.S.: Worthy Master, I present this signet, received from Pomona, and ask that these Patrons may be vested with the Sign and Password of this degree.
M.: The signet is received, and the request shall be granted. Patrons, our wishes may produce pain and anxiety, but Elope always gives pleasure. Hope on, persevere ever. These words express the meaning of the letters as placed on the Cornucopia, the emblem of this degree, H.O.P.E. Calls up. And now, Patrons, let us pay our respects to our Worthy Patroness, POMONA.
Pomona rises and advances to the front of the stage.
Pom.: Patrons, this is truly a fit time for serious reflection. If we work upon marble, it will crumble—if we work upon brass, time will corrode it—if we rear temples, they will crumble into dust; but if we work upon immortal minds,—if we imbue them with just and true principles, the reverence of God and the love of our fellow-man, we engrave or something which will brighten to all eternity.
As a reward for your fidelity, your industry and zeal, let us now partake of those bounties which our labors have secured. I invite you to follow us to the feast.
Music. Pomona leaves the stage. Master approaches and offers his arm, which she accepts.
Officers and members wait upon the ladies into the Banquet. Master calls upon Chaplain, who asks a blessing. After the feast, the Grange reassembles, but closes immediately.

Closing Ceremony
M.: Worthy Overseer, is the work of this meeting completed?
O.: It is, Worthy Master.
M.: Worthy Steward, with the aid of your Assist. ants, please collect the books, regalia, and implements of labor.
The Steward should collect the Manuals and other books, and place them upon the Master’s table. The Assistants should pass around the hall and receive the regalia, badges, &c., and place them neatly in a box prepared and kept for that purpose. The Master should be the custodian of the Manuals and other books; the Steward of the regalia and working tools; and the Secretary of all record books, files, &c.
S.: All are secured, Worthy Master.
Calls up.
M.: Worthy Steward, is the Inside Gate securely closed?
S.: The gate is closed, Worthy Master.
C. gives benediction.
All: Amen.
M.: Brothers and Sisters, I declare this Grange duly closed, until again lawfully opened. Let us remember our motto and persevere in all good works.
Suggestions for the Fifth Degree Work
Material for paraphernalia necessary in preparation of hall for conferring the Fifth Degree of Pomona (Hope), and the estimate cost of the outfit.
1 heavy curtain of Green Baize or Green Flannel, to stretch the entire width of the hall, 7 or 5 feet high.
1 light curtain, 7 by 5 feet—requires 4¼ yards of White Tarletan.
2 dozen one-half inch curtain rings or hooks.
2 copper wires, length of each a little more than the width of hall.
1 censer or iron pan.
2 Ounces alcohol
2 pepper dusters.
4 ounces Lycopodium—(can be had at drug store).
1 yard Magnesium Tape—(can get at drug store or art gallery).
1 Tin Pan, in form of dusting pan, 3 inches wide, 10 inches long, ½ inch deep, with a place to insert the Magnesium Tape, and an open socket for wooden handle.
8 candlesticks.
2 wall hinged lamp brackets, 12 or 14 inches long.
8 yards Bleached Muslin, for spectre robe.
1 round table stand, 3 feet in diameter.
1 round shelving rack for fruit stand, tier after tier till it reaches a peak—in form of a flower stand.
1 White Muslin Table Cloth, six feet square.
The entire cost of the outfit will be about $20 to $30. A little judgment must be used to see that everything is neatly made by competent mechanics.
This Degree symbolizes a storm, followed by bright sunshine and a scene of plenty.
Arrangement of Stage.—Decorate with Autumn fruits, plants and trees, representing orchard, vineyard and fruit garden, the abundance of a well-tilled farm
Court Robes.—Light Green material, Ceres trimmed with yellow; Flora, pink; Pomona, pink and white. Floral decorations of fruit buds for headwear, with bouquets or baskets of fruit for each. The robes can be made by the same method as those for the Subordinate Degrees.
The L.A.S. Robe.—Material, Navy blue cheese cloth, or calico, made sailor fashion, trimmed with white braid. A white cord and tassel confines it at the waist. A shepherdess’ hat completes the costume. Requires about ten yards of material. The same suit is worn throughout all the Degrees.
Directions for Making Court Robes—The robes can be made so that they may be worn as over-dresses; fitting anyone, by ladies wearing their own dress waist made of fancy or light colored material.
Then take a full breadth of the goods; getting the length by measuring from the back of the neck down front, touching the floor when hemmed; next cut a vent to come to the waist ; now lay it in plaits over the shoulders; cutting it out at the back of the neck so it will lay nicely around the neck over the basque like a scarf, next cut two widths, from the waist down, allowing for a train, and complete the skirt by sewing to front piece at waist, place a draw at the waist, bringing the skirt over the basque at the waist, wearing sash of two inch ribbon. Such a stage robe will fit anyone.
Another pretty style of robe is the Grecian. Make a perfectly plain, white yoke, with high standing collar; cut the material in required lengths allowing for 3 inches of train, back and front; use not less than four widths, and sew on the yoke about 3 inches from lower edge of collar; cut an arm’s eye; make a plain, long, tight-fitting sleeve. Take a width of material and to make an extra sleeve, like the old. time angel sleeve, and sew it to the arm’s eye, commencing at the back underneath and ending on the top of the shoulder. This allows the material to fall from the arm down the skirt of the robe. A narrow ribbon or cord should gather the gown loosely at the waist line. The gown should be drawn up to escape the ground at front and sides and let fall over the ribbon or cord. In making the robes observe the proper colors for Ceres, Flora and Pomona.
All that remains to be done after that is to trim them nicely observing the colors of green and white for Pomona, yellow for Ceres, pink and white for Flora, with wrist ribbons.
The cheese cloth is wide and soft, consequently makes up and drapes very nicely and will take about 5 yards for a suit.
Pink, white and yellow tarletan, makes a pretty trimming for some of the suits and ribbon for the others.
Directions for Stage and Court.—To give an impressive effect to the Court in the several degrees the stage should not be less than ten feet deep and fifteen feet wide for an ordinary good-sized Grange Hall.
If stage scenery is used, which adds much to the effect of the Court, the deeper the stage the better the effect, provided the hall is proportionately large.
In almost any good-sized town a professional stage-fitter can be found who would be glad to take the contract to put in the slides and scenery similar. to those used in opera houses.
For Pomona Granges two sets of slides and scenes are necessary; one representing a storm, the other representing sunshine, fruits, plants, trees, orchard and vineyard.
Instruction in preparing hall for conferring the Fifth Degree, and manner of conducting the initiation.
Stretch a heavy curtain made of green baize or green flannel across the entire hall, in front of the stage, 7 or 8 feet high, or as may suit the hall, mounted on a strong wire or cord; parting in the center. To mount the curtain, fasten a ring or curtain hooks every sixteen inches to the upper end of the curtain, through these run a strong wire or cord ; then fasten the one end of the wire to the wall by means of a strong screw eyelet, so as to bring the curtain immediately in front of the stage. Now stretch your wire with curtain tightly across the hall and fasten it on the opposite side. The curtain will now slide easily on the wire when needed and will come right in front of the stage.
Back of the heavy curtains and on the side of the stage and within five inches of the first is stretched another curtain, made of white Tarletan, 7 by 5 feet, mounted in the same manner as the first, excepting that it don’t part in the center. If properly mounted it will slide readily on the wire. It should be weighted lightly with lead at the lower end to keep it in place, in case of a current of air, and out of danger of lights.
In conferring the degree the light curtain is drawn right in front of the stage, and the heavy curtains are drawn over this, meeting at the center—closing the stage from view.
The Master’s desk is brought in front of the curtains to the same side as in the Subordinate Degree.
The censer is now set near the front and middle of the stage, right back of the curtains—but not so close as to endanger fire—into this iron pan or censer pour 2 ounces of alcohol, and put into it a little strip of paper so that it can be easily lighted when wanted.
On the extreme outer sides of the stage, immediately back of the curtains, should be placed the lamp brackets at an elevation of about three feet, upon each of which place a candle or gas jet.
The heavy woolen curtains should now be pushed towards the center of the stage, from both sides a distance of about three feet from the wall.
Thin, white muslin curtains should now be placed on both sides, in front of the candles on the wire from where the heavy curtains were pushed from the outer sides of the stage.
Place the Lycopodium in the pepper dusters, and to produce the lightning, throw the Lycopodium from the pepper dusters on the burning candle or gas jet, which will produce very pretty and impressive explosive flashes through the muslin curtains in imitation of lightning over clouds (it is perfectly harmless and without any unpleasant odor). Thunder is produced by means of 2 pieces of sheet iron, 3 feet long, one placed on each side of the stage, which can by a little practice, be very skilfully used in imitation of distant thunder.
To produce the sound of rain, use medium size shot, dropping them from a height of 4 feet into a pan.
The part of the spectre can be most impressively performed by a sister who should have her part committed. She should be robed in a white sheet, covering her head and person, only her face and one hand being exposed, in the style of some ancient classic picture, carefully concealing every vestige of clothing, and be alone on the back part of the stage near the center, immediately back of the censer. [A brother may be assigned the part of spectre if preferred]. On either side of the stage should be the two managers, but out of sight.
A round stand or table should be placed in the center of the hall, on which should be arranged, in splendid order, tier after tier, fruits and flowers of the richest display—the gratuitous contributions of the skilled Matron and Husbandman. These preparations for the feast should be carefully covered over with a large white cloth in the first part of the degree.
A single candle should be on each officer’s desk, and no other lights should be in the room outside the curtains. The arrangements now all being completed, the candidates in the anteroom should be blindfolded and then brought into the hell by the Assistant Steward, with candidates on his right, as instructed by the Manual, and on reaching the Master’s desk the second time around there is lightning and a heavy crash of thunder produced by the stage operators back of the curtain.
After the Obligation remove the blindfold.
As the candidates pass the various officers and are instructed, the lights are extinguished as marked in the Manual. Distant mutterings of thunder are heard. At last passing the Master his light is extinguished also. The censer is now lighted on the stage by the operators; distant thunder becomes more ominous and rain and storm is heard, lightning flashes—the darkness and solemnity of the scene before us is the drama of a great storm sweeping over the hills and valleys of our rural homes, teaching us to look with reverence and welcome on these great atmospheric disturbances and electric storms that come to clear our sultry atmosphere and water our parched fields so that they may again bring forth fruit to satisfy our necessary wants.
The candidates reaching the altar, the first or heavy curtains are drawn to either side, parting about 5 or 6 feet, showing the apparition in white, protected by serpents and burning alcohol in censer, in front of the apparition. Thunder becomes more distant and the spectre speaks in a slow, measured voice, as in Manual Finally, when the Assistant Steward and spectre get through with the colloquy—there is thunder, lightning and a grand crash, and the apparition quickly disappears—the burning censer is removed—the Assistant Stewards wait with the candidates standing at the altar till the sunlight appears by the managers lighting the Magnesium Tape at a candle (and placing it in its place on the pan, being careful that none of its ashes will drop on clothing or curtains to cause fire). It is then placed in the center of the stage by means of a long wooden handle, fixed in the socket of the pan. It is now slowly raised in imitation of the brilliant sun bursting through the clouds after a storm. At the close of this scene the candidates are taken to the anteroom, when the curtains are drawn back, the room quickly re-arranged, the stand laden with fruits and flowers unveiled, the hall is brilliantly lighted, decorations appear everywhere, Pomona, with her court, accompanied by Flora and Ceres, take their places on the stage gaily robed and decorated.
The candidates are now brought back and instructed by the various officers, finally reaching Pomona. She steps forward and delivers her lecture, and presents the Assistant Steward with a Cornucopia, with the letters H-O-P-E engraved on it. The Assistant now addresses the Master and presents to him the Cornucopia, the emblem of this degree. When the Master instructs the candidates (as in the Manual, on pages 17 and 18, followed by an impromptu lecture on the signification of the emblem and signs of this degree, and what the grand and various scenes represent, as follows, immediately after the letters H-O-P-E.)
“Patrons, the degree that we are conferring upon you, is that of Pomona, and is the Fifth Degree of our Order.
It is intended to represent the ominous darkness of a great electric rain storm, such as we frequently witness passing over our hills and valleys, watering and refreshing our parched fields, orchards and vineyards so as to again make them productive.
It is also intended to teach us to look with greater appreciation and reverence upon the wise provision of the Creator, to protect our very existence.
For, were it not for the purifying effects of these great electric storms upon the air, life could not be permanently maintained, as disease and death would scourge the country with pestilence and destruction.
Hence, what we have been taught to hook upon with so much dread, as elements of destruction and death, are really God’s wise provisions for the preservation of our very existence.
You observed at the close of the first part of this degree, a luminous spectre arising in the distance. This is in symbolism of spectres rising in the night from the drenched and marshy soil; and after the dread and darkness of the storm have subsided, heaven’s sunlight bursting in upon us, making our hearts glad with the revived freshness of fruitful fields, orchards and vineyards.
Thus in this degree, like in all previous degrees, we make the symbolism and teachings part of the fanner’s life.”
(Here follow the instructions in the unwritten work of the degree).
Pomona then addresses the candidates and invites all to the festive board. She then leaves the stage. The Master approaches and offers her his arm which she accepts. Officers and members now wait on the ladies to the banquet. The Master calls on the Chaplain, who invokes a blessing; when all commingle in social pleasure and partake of the refreshments and luscious fruits of orchard, field and vineyard.
The feast being over, the Grange reassembles and finishes its business in this Degree, and then closes with the ceremonies of the Fifth Degree.


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