1. THE Ancient One is hidden and concealed; the
Microprosopus is manifested, and is not manifested.
[The "Ancient One" is Kether. Eheieh,
Macroprosopus, the Vast Countenance. See introduction, §§, 42, 77.]
2. When he is manifested, he is symbolized by
the letters (in the ordinary form in which the Tetragrammaton is written).
3. When he is concealed, he is hidden by the
letters which are not disposed according (to the proper order) of the letters,
or (according to another reading of this passage) in their proper place;
because also in him their superiors and inferiors are not rightly disposed
(because of the disturbed transpositions).
4. In Gen. i. 24 it is written: "The earth
brought forth the living creature after its kind, cattle and reptile," &c.
Hereunto belongeth that which is written, Ps. xxxv. 7: "O Lord, thou shalt
preserve both man and beast."
5. The one is contained under the general
meaning of the other, and also the beast under the general idea of the man (on
account of the mystery of the revolution of the soul).
6. (And hereunto pertaineth that passage) Levit.
i. 2: "When a man shall bring from among you an offering unto the Lord,
&c. Ye shall offer, &c." Because animals are included under the generic term
7. When the inferior man descendeth (into this
world), like unto the supernal form (in himself), there are found two spirits.
(So that) man is formed from two sides--from the right and from the left.
8. With respect unto the right side he had
NShMThA QDIShA, Neschamotha Qadisha, the holy intelligences; with
respect unto the left side, NPSh ChIH,
Nephesh Chiah, the animal soul.
[These answer to the right and left pillars of
the Sephiroth. See Introduction.]
9. Man sinned and was expanded on the left
side; and then they who are formless were expanded also. (That is those
spirits of matter, who received dominion in the inferior paths of the soul of
Adam, whence arose base concupiscence.) When (therefore) both were at once
joined together (namely by base concupiscence, together with connexion, and
the animal soul) generations took place, like as from some animal which
generateth many lives in one connexion.
10. (There are given) twenty-two letters hidden
and twenty-two letters manifested (which are the symbols of those sublime
11. (The one) Yod is concealed; the
other is manifested. (The one is the understanding or mother, the other is the
kingdom or queen; so that at the same time it looketh back to the superior
paths.) But that which is hidden and that which is manifest are balanced in
the equilibrium of forms. (That is, masculine and feminine; the one, the
father and the mother; the other, the foundation and the queen; meaning
principally the female idea, which includeth form and receptacle.)
12. Out of Yod are produced male and
female (if, namely, it be fully written as IVD, Yod, they are then its
augment), Vau and Daleth. In this position Vau is male,
and Daleth is female. And hence arise DV, the two letters which are the
duad male and female; and not only the duad, but also the co-equal duads (of
the superior and inferior conjunctions).
13. Yod by itself is male (the father);
He, female (the mother).
14. H, He, at first was D, Daleth;
but after it was impregnated by I, Yod (so that thence it might produce
form H--namely the I, Yod, placed at the
left hand lower part of Daleth) it brought forth V, Vau. (That is, the
mother impregnated by the father produced Microprosopus. But in the shape of
the letter out of that minute I, Yod, which is hidden within the H,
He, V, Vau, is said to be formed. Or from the upper horizontal line
of the letter H, which is one V, Vau, and from the right-hand vertical
line, which is another V, Vau, and from the inserted I, Yod, is
made VIV, the full form of letter Vau.)
[This is again referring to the shape of
the letter. See Table of the Alphabet for Hebrew form.]
15. Whence it is plain that in the letter H,
He, are hidden the letters D, Daleth, V, Vau; and in IVD,
Yod, is hidden H: whence are formed IHV. Therefore it appeareth that IVD
in its own form containeth IHV, whensoever it is fully written by IVD, which
are male and female (namely I, Yod, male, and V, Vau, D,
Daleth, in the form, H, He, female); hence is compounded (the son,
who is) V, Vau, and who overshadoweth his mother. (That is V placed
after H, so that IHV may form the father, the mother, and Microprosopus.)
16. (Therefore in the letter IVD, Yod,
and in the name IHI are hidden two males and two females, which is symbolized
in that saying, Gen. vi. 2: "And the sons of the Elohim beheld (the plural in
its least form denoteth two) the daughters of men" (and this also). This
explaineth on this account that which is written, Josh. ii. 1: "Two men as
Spies, saying" (hence is revealed the mystery of the two men). But how (is it
proved that two females are understood) by the words, "Daughters of men?"
Because it is written, 1 Kings iii. 16: "Then came there two women unto the
17. Of these it is written, ibid. 28:
"Because they saw that the wisdom of Elohim was in him." (Here are involved
the two males, in the wisdom, the father; in
Solomon, Microprosopus. Therefore) then came
they (even the two women, the understanding and the queen) and not before.
18. In the palace of the union of the fountains
(that is, in the world of creation) there were two connexions by conjunctions
among the supernals; these descended from above, and occupied the earth; but
they rejected the good part, which in them was the crown of mercy; and were
crowned with the cluster of grapes. (That is instead of benignity, they were
surrounded with judgments and rigours. Which also can be explained concerning
Microprosopus and his bride, first in the mother, and afterwards in the
existences below, and in exile with surrounding rigours and severities.)
[Referring to the previous symbolical
explanation of Joshua ii, 1.]
19. (Also we find these two equations in that
saying) Exod. xiv. 15: "And the Lord said unto Moses (who is referred to the
mother), Why criest thou unto Me?" (But also a cry is referred to the mother,
just as a groan is to the beautiful path, and an exclamation to the kingdom.
But) ALI, Eli, unto me (note this is the same as, "and unto I, Yod;"
or the father). "Speak unto the children of Israel (the speech is the queen;
Israel is the beautiful path) that they set forward." Wherein note well the
word VISOV, Vayesaau, "that they set forward," wherein are VI masculine
letters; SO feminine letters).
["But also a cry, &c." Meaning the three
Sephiroth, Binah, Tiphereth, and Malkuth.]
20. From above the power of life flowed down in
equilibrium, for he entreated the influence of the Venerable One.
["The Venerable One"--i.e., the first
Sephira, proceeding from the AIN SVP AVR, Ain Soph Aur. See
21. Hereunto also pertaineth that passage, Exod.
xv. 26: "And if thou shalt do right in His eyes, and shalt hearken
unto His precepts, and shalt keep all His
statutes." (Where in the last word also two equations are placed.) "Because I
am the Lord thy God who healeth thee." (Note this, because again here is
hidden the mystery of the understanding and the wisdom, of the path of beauty
and of the congregation of Israel.)